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Vietnam

Country Name

Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

Location

Vietnam is a country in Southeast Asia and the easternmost country on the Indochinese Peninsula.

Vietnam shares its land borders with China to the north, and Laos and Cambodia to the west.

It shares its maritime borders with Thailand through the Gulf of Thailand, and the PhilippinesIndonesia and Malaysia through the South China Sea.

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The reason for naming the country

The name Việt Nam is a modification of Nam Việt, a name that can be traced back to the Triệu dynasty of the 2nd century BC.

 The word Việt originated as a shortened form of Bách Việt, the name of a group of people then living in southern China and Vietnam. The form "Vietnam" is first recorded in the 16th-century. The name has also been found on 12 steles carved in the 16th and 17th centuries, including one at Bao Lam Pagoda in Hải Phòng that dates to 1558.

 In 1802, Nguyễn Phúc Ánh (who later became Emperor Gia Long) established the Nguyễn dynasty. In the second year of his rule, he asked the Jiaqing Emperor of the Qing dynasty to give him the title 'King of Nam Viet after gaining power in Annam. The Emperor refused since the name was related to Zhao Tuo's Nanyue, which included the regions of Guangxi and Guangdong in southern China. The Qing Emperor, therefore, decided to call the area "Viet Nam" instead.

Capital 

Hanoi.​

Flag

The Flag of Vietnam was adopted on 5 September 1945.

The flag then was adopted on 30 November 1955 to make the rays of the star sharper.

Then the current version was adopted on 2 July 1976.

The flag of Vietnam consists of a large yellow star centered on a red background.

The red background represents blood,

the yellow represents the color of people’s skin, the five points of the star

represent intellectuals, peasants, workers, traders, and soldiers.

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Religion

The major religions in Vietnam Vietnamese folk religion.

Religions recognized in Vietnam are Buddhists, Catholics,  Protestants, Caodaism, Hoahaoism, Muslims, Baha'ís, and Hindus.

Language 

Vietnamese is the both the national and the official language of Vietnam.

The majority of the population of the country speak this language.

Minority Languages Of Vietnam; Mường, Cham, Tày, Chinese, Nùng, and Hmong. 

The French language is spoken by many educated Vietnamese as a second language,

Russian, Czech, German, and Polish are also spoken by small sections of the Vietnamese population. With greater contacts of the Vietnamese with the Western world, English has also attained popularity in the country.

Currency

đồng (VND)

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Time Zone

+07:00 GMT. 

Government Regime

Unitary Marxist–Leninist one-party socialist republic.

Climate

In Vietnam, the climate is subtropical in the north and tropical in the center and south, and it's influenced by the monsoons: the south-west monsoon affects the country from May to October and the northeast monsoon from October to April.

The former brings heavy rainfall in the exposed areas, ie both the north and the south, while along the central part, protected by the mountains, it brings relatively little rain and leaves often space to the sun. The north-east monsoon is generally drier, but it brings heavy rains in the early months October-December along the coast exposed to the east, and light but frequent rains in the north.
In inland areas, there are hills and mountains, which make the climate milder in the summer months, but even cold in winter in the north.
 

The best time to visit Vietnam as a whole is the first half of February since it's the only period which is neither very rainy nor very hot throughout the country, even though it is cloudy in the north and sometimes very cool. March and April are not bad as well, in fact, they are acceptable months in the north, though not very sunny, while they are dry and sunny in the center and south, though they are also hot in the south. December and January are dry and sunny in the center and south, but not in the north.
In July and August, you can choose the south-central coast is sunny and not very rainy, and generally, in this period, it is also spared by typhoons.

International Phone Code

+84

Internet Code

.vn

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