United Kingdom

Country Name

The United Kingdom, officially the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland but more commonly known as the UK or Britain.

The difference between England, Britain and the UK:

England:

It is the largest part of the United Kingdom, bordered on the north by Scotland and the Atlantic Ocean, on the west by Wales, on the north-west

by the Irish Sea, and on the east by the North Sea, while the

English Channel separates it from the European continent

to the south.

Britain:

Britain consists of England, Scotland, and Wales.

United Kingdom:

The United Kingdom consists of four countries (Britain, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland).

العاصمة

لندن

Englnd, UK, Britan

Location

Located on the western side of Europe.

It includes both Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and many

small islands.

The United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean and bordered

by the North Sea from the east, the English channel from the South and

the Irish Sea from the South and Southwest.

The English Channel connects Great Britain with France.

UK Location

Reason for naming the country 

 

The name "United Kingdom" refers to a union of four countries: England - Scotland - Wales - Ireland (the northern part only).

The real name of the United Kingdom is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

The term "Great Britain" refers to the island of Great Britain, or piolitically to England, Scotland and Wales.

There are two explanations for why the word Great came before "Britain", the first of these explanations:

That this title is used to differentiate between Britain and similar labels,

The second explanation goes back to King James I, who wished to clarify that Britain did not rule only England and parts of Wales, but ruled the islands, thereby establishing himself as the king and ruler of the Great British Empire.

Flag

The national flag of the United Kingdom is the Union Jack, also known as the Union Flag.

The flag of UK combines the cross of St. George (Red Cross

of the English flag

and the Cross of St. Andrew  (white cross) of the Scottish flag.

The flag is raised by the cross of Saint Patrick to represent

Ireland after the Union of 1801, the red diagonal cross. 

Wales is not represented in the Union Flag by Wales's patron saint, Saint David, as at the time the flag was designed Wales was part of the Kingdom of England.

UK Flag

Language 

The official language of the United Kingdom is British English.

Four Celtic languages are spoken in the UK they are: WelshIrishScottish Gaelic, and Cornish, They are all are recognized as regional or minority languages.

Religion

The official religion in the United Kingdom is Christianity.

There are other religions in the United Kingdom such as Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, and no religion.

Currency

Pound sterling

Pound Sterling

Time Zone

+0 GMT

Government Regime

Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy.

Climate

The weather in Uk is moderate.

The best time to visit the UK is in the spring between (March and May), and the summer between (June and September).

Temperatures are moderate in the spring, and the green color of the city's gardens and flowers bloom.

Summer is the peak tourist season when temperatures are ideal for touring the city and visiting its famous landmarks.

Winter in London (October - March) is very cold and daylight hours are shorter, but it is also the holiday season as Christmas.

Regardless of the time of the year you visit London, tourists are always advised to bring an umbrella in anticipation of the rains that may occur on any day of the year.

International Phone Code

+44

 

Internet Code

.uk

Some Facts About The UK
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