Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam.
Thailand is a country in Southeast Asia.
and the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Myanmar.
Its maritime boundaries include Vietnam in the Gulf of Thailand to
The reason for naming the country
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand, formerly known as Siam, is a country at the centre of the Indochinese peninsula in Southeast Asia.
The flag was adopted on 28 September 1917.
The flag consists of five horizontal stripes with red, white, blue,
white and red colors, the central blue stripe being twice as wide as each of the other four.
The red stripes represent Thailand’s blood spilled to maintain independence;
the white represents purity and Buddhism (the official religion),
and blue has a double meaning it represents the Thai monarchy and also
stands in solidarity and honors Thailand’s World War I allies, namely Great
Britain, France, the United States, and Russia, which all have red, white, and
- The flag of Thailand is similar to the flag of Costa Rica, Both flags consist of five horizontal bands of blue, white, red (double width), white and blue. The flag of Costa Rica has a coat of arms off-center of the flag
There is no official religion in Thailand and the Thai constitution guarantees freedom of worship and religious gathering in the country.
There are several religious groups in Thailand including Buddhism, Hinduism, Taoism, and Sikhism among other religions.
Buddhism is the most common religion practiced in Thailand, the Buddhism practiced in Thailand is associated with Theravada practices.
Islam is considered to be a religious minority in Thailand, Most of the Thai Muslims belong to the Sunni group.
The major Christian groups in Thailand include Roman Catholicism, Protestantism, and Orthodoxy.
The official language of Thailand is Thai.
Thai is the country's official language and is spoken by the majority of these individuals.
The Thai language, sometimes referred to as the Siamese language, belongs to the Tai-Kadai language family. It is the principal language of education and government and spoken throughout the country.
The largest of Thailand's minority languages is the Lao dialect of Isan spoken in the northeastern provinces.
English is a mandatory school subject, but the number of fluent speakers remains low, especially outside cities.
Baht (฿) (THB)
Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
The climate of Thailand is tropical, with three distinct seasons:
- a hot season from March to mid-May;
- a rainy season due to the southwest monsoon, which generally runs from mid-May to October;
- a dry and relatively cool season from November to February, when the north-east monsoon, coming from the Asian continent, prevails.
However, the relatively cool season is felt in the north and in inland areas, while on the coasts and in the south it's hot even in winter.
In the southern peninsular region, where beaches and renowned resorts are found, the rainy season has a different pattern than in the continent, which will be discussed later.
The best time to visit Thailand is from December to mid-February in the continental part and in Bangkok, from late December to March on the south-western coast, and from late January to April on the eastern coast of the Gulf of Thailand, bearing in mind, however, that March and April are hot months.
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