Tanzania, officially the United Republic of Tanzania.
Tanzania is located in East Africa within the African Great
to the west.
The reason for naming the country
The name "Tanzania" was created as a compound of the names of the two states that unified to create the country: Tanganyika and Zanzibar. It consists of the first three letters of the names of the two states ("Tan" and "Zan") and the suffix, "ia" to form Tanzania.
The name "Tanganyika" is derived from the Swahili words tanga ("sail") and nyika ("uninhabited plain", "wilderness"), creating the phrase "sail in the wilderness". It is sometimes understood as a reference to Lake Tanganyika.
The name of Zanzibar comes from "zenji", the name for a local people (said to mean "black"), and the Arabic word "barr", which means coast or shore.
The Tanzanian flag was adopted on 30 June 1964.
The flag consists of triangles of green and blue, the two triangles are separated by a black stripe, which is bordered by a narrower yellow stripe.
The flag has been inspired by the flags of Tanganyika and Zanzibar,
two states, which merged in order and created Tanzania.
The green color refers to the agricultural tradition in this area and
its rich vegetation.
The blue reminds the Indian Ocean surrounding Zanzibar.
the black color represents the original inhabitants of Tanzania and
the yellow symbolizes the country's mineral wealth.
More than 100 languages are spoken in Tanzania, making it the most linguistically diverse country in East Africa. Among the languages spoken are all four of Africa's language families: Bantu, Cushitic, Nilotic, and Khoisan. There are no official languages in Tanzania
Swahili is the most commonly used language in Tanzania.
Swahili was first written in the Arabic script during its earlier period and later adopted the Latin system.
English was the language commonly used in the country, The language has been used alongside Swahili since independence as a medium of instruction in schools.
Swahili is used in parliamentary debate, in the lower courts, and as a medium of instruction in primary school. English is used in foreign trade, in diplomacy, in higher courts, and as a medium of instruction in secondary and higher education.
Arabic is co-official in Zanzibar.
The country has two major religious groups, Christians and Muslims.
Christianity is the predominant religion with more than half of the Tanzanian population identifying as Christians. Tanzanians generally identify as either Christian or Muslim, though many of these still practice folk beliefs as well. Minority groups such as Traditional Africanist, Buddhist, and Hindus are also present in the country.
Tanzanian shilling (TZS)
Unitary dominant-party presidential constitutional republic
The climate is subtropical or tropical climate, not too hot because of altitude. On the contrary, the thin coastal stretch is hot and humid throughout the year, especially from November to April.
The June-August period (kipupwe) is the coolest of the year and is dry almost everywhere.
As regards to the rain pattern, the country can be divided into four zones.
In the north and the east, except in the region of Lake Victoria, there are two rainy seasons: one less intense, known as short rains season (vuli), between October and December, and the other more intense, known as long rains season (Masika), from March to May, with a peak in April.
In January and February, in the period between the two rainy seasons (kiangazi), the weather is hot and sultry, at least below a thousand meters.
The best time to visit Tanzania is from July to August since it is the coolest, the sunniest, and the driest of the year. June is a good month almost everywhere, but in the north-east and on the island of Pemba, the long rains can linger until this month. September is also a good month, but at lower elevations, it can be hot during the day. In October, the season of the short rains begins in the north, though there is usually little rain in the first half of the month, however, it can get hot at low altitudes.
In January, the south is in the full rainy season, so it rains a lot. If you want to visit the country in the Northern Hemisphere winter (January and February), you can choose the northern areas, which, in this period, are in the short and hot dry season, remembering that on the coast and at lower altitudes it's hot and that some showers in the afternoon may still occur, especially on the shores of Lake Victoria and in high mountains like Kilimanjaro.
In the Serengeti, you can go from June to September, with a preference for June, in the period of the wildebeest migration through the rivers, before the animals move to Kenya, or even in January and February, to watch them in the southern part, towards the Olduvai Gorge.
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