Tajikistan, officially the Republic of Tajikistan.
Tajikistan is a mountainous, landlocked country in Central Asia.
The reason for naming the country
Tajikistan means the "Land of the Tajiks".
The suffix "-stan" is Persian stands for "place of" or "country" and Tajik is, most likely, the name of a pre-Islamic (before the seventh century A.D.) tribe.
The Flag of Tajikistan was adopted on 24 November 1992, and the first use of the current flag design was in 1992.
The flag of Tajikistan is consists of three horizontal stripes of
red, white and green colors, with yellow a crown surrounded by
an arc of seven stars at the center.
The red represents the unity of the nation as well as victory and
sunrise, it also serves as symbolism of the former Russian and
Soviet eras, the workers, and the warriors who sacrificed their lives to protect the land.
The white represents purity, morality, the snow and ice of the mountains, and cotton.
The green represents the lavish generosity of nature, fertile valleys, the religion of Islam, and the celebration of Novruz.
The crown represents the Tajik people, The flag of Tajikistan features seven stars due to the significance of the number seven in Tajik traditional legends, representing perfection and happiness.
Islam is the religion of the majority in Tajikistan with a majority of Sunni Islam of the Hanafi school and a few members are shia .
Tajikistan considers itself a secular state with a Constitution providing for freedom of religion.
Other minority are followers of Russian Orthodoxy, Roman Catholicism, Hinduism, Zoroastrians, Jews, and Baha’is Protestantism, and Buddhism.
However, the number of followers of these groups sharply declined in the early independence period due to a wave of emigration.
The Tajik language is the official language of Tajikistan.
The language is used widely in governand ment administration, education, business, courts, and daily lives of the people of Tajikistan, the Tajik language is a variant of the Persian language or Farsi.
Russian language is recognized in Tajikistan. It was the official language under the Soviet rule in the country but lost its official status after Tajikistan's independence in late 1991,
The Constitution of Tajikistan does not mention Russian as an official language but mentions that this language can be used for communication between people belonging to different ethnic communities as a lingua franca. It is widely used for formal and informal communication in the country spoken by aprroximatly 90% of the populastion.
Other minority language that spoken in Tajikistan are Uzbek, Kyrgyz, Turkish, persian, Arabic, Yaghnobi, Parya, Shughni, Wakhi, Armenian, Belarusian, Lithuanian, Romanian, Western Balochi, Korean, Kazakh.
Unitary dominant-party presidential constitutional secular republic.
In Tajikistan, the climate is arid continental, with cold winters and very hot sunny summers. Being that it's a mountainous country, both temperature and rainfall vary with altitude and slope exposure. At high altitudes, there are extensive glaciers and snowfields; the easternmost and the south-western areas are the driest and are virtually desert.
The mountainous areas (in the north and the east) receive abundant snow in winter, which later melts to feeds the rivers and in particular, the two great rivers of Central Asia, Amu Darya in the south and Syr Darya in the north.
The clash of air masses can cause wind storms, especially in the period from November to April.
The best times to visit Tajikistan are spring and autumn in order to avoid the weather extremes, and in particular, the months of April and October. Between the two, October is preferable because it is less rainy, in these two months, it can sometimes be cold at night and hot during the day as well.
On the other hand, the summer is preferable for hiking at high altitudes, since it is the only season when the temperature exceeds freezing.
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