Sri Lanka, officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, formly Ceylon.
Sri Lanka is an island country in South Asia.
It is located in the Indian Ocean southwest of the Bay of Bengal and southeast of the Arabian Sea. It is geographically separated from the Indian subcontinent by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait.
The reason for naming the country
Sri Lanka was known to travellers by a variety of names. According to the Mahavamsa, the legendary Prince Vijaya named the land Tambapanni "copper-red hands" or "copper-red earth", because his followers' hands were reddened by the red soil of the area.
In Hindu mythology, such as the Ramayana, the island was referred to as Lankā ('Island').
Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte.
The first use of the current flag design was in 1948.
The flag was officially adopted on 22 May 1972.
The flag consists of a Golden border surrounded by the flag and divides the flag into two parts, the right part which is a yellow lion on a red background holding a sword surrounded by four leaves these four leaves were added to the lion field after renaming the country in 1972 from Ceylon to Sri Lanka,
On the left side, there is a rectangle consists of Green and orange stripes.
The four Orange bo leaves represent the 4 values of Buddhism: Loving-kindness, Compassion, Equanimity, and happiness.
The Kastane sword represents the authority and bravery of Sri Lanka.
The handle of the sword is supposed to represent the elements that make up
Sri Lanka; water, Fire, Bravery, and earth.
The gold color represents the largest religion in Sri Lanka Buddhism and
the gold color surrounding the other colors is meant to show that the
Buddhists are protecting the other religions.
The green color represents Muslims,
The Orange color represents the Hindus,
The Maroon color represents the Sinhalese people, the largest Ethnicity group in Sri Lanka
The Golden Lion is a symbol of the Sinhalese people
Buddhists is the largest and is considered as an "Official religion" of Sri Lanka, most from Theravada school of thought.
Hinduism is the second most prevalent religion and predates Buddhism.
Today, Hinduism is dominant in Northern, Eastern and Central Sri Lanka.
Islam is the third most prevalent religion in the country, Most Muslims are Sunni who follow the Shafi'i school.
There is also a small group of Christians most of them are Roman Catholics.
Sinhala and Tamil are the two official languages in the country.
English is widely used for education, scientific and commercial purposes.
Besides the two official languages in Sri Lanka, several minority languages are also spoken as Sri Lankan Creole Malay and Sri Lankan Portuguese Creole.
Sri Lankan rupee (Rs) (LKR)
Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic
In Sri Lanka, formerly Ceylon, the climate is tropical, and the weather is hot and humid throughout the year.
The amount of sunshine is never low on the coasts, in fact, there are a few hours of sunshine a day even in the rainy months, however, it is better in the dry season, when there are 8/9 hours of sunshine per day. On the contrary, in inland mountainous areas, cloudiness is more common, and the sun is rarely seen from May to December.
The country is located just north of the equator where the rains can be irregular from one year to the next, the best months to visit Sri Lanka as a whole, and therefore also the cities of the interior, are February and March.
In fact, in January, it still rains a lot on the east coast, while from April to September, it rains a lot in the south-west and in inland areas, and then from October to December, it rains a lot in the whole country.
However, the month of May can be avoided for the highest risk of tropical storms, and because the arrival of the monsoon, around the 20th of the month, can cause abundant rainfall throughout the country, which can trigger floods, as happened in May 2016, 2017 and 2018.
In summer, from June to August, the east coast is preferable because it is sunnier, and the sea is calm. On the contrary, in this period, on the south-west coast, from Colombo to Tangalle, the weather is rainy, and the sea is rough.
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