Saudi Arabia, officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Saudi Arabia is a country in Western Asia.
and Yemen to the south; it is separated from Egypt and Israel by
the Gulf of Aqaba.
It is the only country with both a Red Sea coast and a Persian Gulf coast, and most of its terrain consists of arid desert, lowland, and mountains.
The reason for naming the country
Following the combination of the Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd, the new state was named al-Mamlakah al-Arabiyah as-Saudiyah (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia) by royal order on 23 September 1932 by its founder, Abdulaziz bin Saud.
Al Saud is an Arabic name formed by adding the word Al, meaning "family of" or "House of", to the personal name of an ancestor.
The first use of the current flag design was in 1932.
The flag was adopted on 15 March 1973.
The flag consists of a green background with the Shahada or
Muslim creed* written in the Thuluth script in white above
a horizontal sword, in which the tip was pointed to the hoist-side
in the center.
The inscription is the Islamic Creed or shahada: "There is no god but Allah; Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah".
The green color represents Islam, and the sword stands for the strictness in applying justice.
Officially all Saudi citizens are Muslim, and almost all Saudi residents are Muslim. Estimates of the Sunni population of Saudi Arabia range between 75% and 90%, with the remaining 10–25% being Shia Muslim.
The official and dominant form of Sunni Islam in Saudi Arabia is commonly known as Salafism (Wahhabism).
There is a small number of Christians in Saudi Arabia estimates about 1,500,000, almost all foreign workers.
Saudi Arabia allows Christians to enter the country as foreign workers for temporary work, but does not allow them to practice their faith openly and not allow to enter Makkah.
The percentage of Saudi Arabian citizens who are Christians is officially zero, as Saudi Arabia forbids religious conversion from Islam and punishes it. There are also390,000 Hindus in Saudi Arabia, almost all foreign workers.
The official language of Saudi Arabia is Arabic.
The three main regional variants spoken by Saudis are Hejazi Arabic, Najdi Arabic , and Gulf Arabic.
The large expatriate communities also speak their own languages, the most numerous of which are Tagalog, Rohingya, Urdu, Egyptian Arabic, and Indonesian.
Saudi Riyal (SR) (SAR)
Unitary Islamic absolute monarchy
In Saudi Arabia, the climate is generally desert, and it's very hot in summer in all of the country. The rains are very rare almost everywhere, and concentrated from November to April.
There are, however, differences among the areas that are worth considering.
In most of Saudi Arabia, either in the areas where the winter is mild as in the northern part of the Red Sea coast, Riyadh and Medina, and the coast of the Persian Gulf or in the warmest areas as Mecca, Jeddah, the south-central part of the Red Sea Coast and the Rub 'al Khali, the best time is from December to February, since in this way you can avoid the heat, which can be intense in the rest of the year (but especially in summer).
However, in the northern areas, north of Riyadh you can avoid the winter, which can be cold, and choose the months of March and November.
In summer, even though the sea is very warm, it's too hot for sunbathing.
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