Sao Tome and Principe
Sao Tome and Principe, (Saint Thomas and Prince) officially the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe
Sao Tome & Principe is an island country in the Gulf of Guinea, off the western equatorial coast of Central Africa.
It consists of two archipelagos around the two main islands of São Tomé and Príncipe,
Its name is Portuguese for "Saint Thomas". Founded in the 15th century, is one of Africa's oldest colonial cities.
Príncipe was initially named Santo Antão ("Saint Anthony"), changing its name in 1502 to Ilha do Príncipe ("Prince's Island"), in reference to the Prince of Portugal to whom duties on the island's sugar crop were paid.
The flag was adopted on 5 November 1975. (after independence from Portugal)
The flag of Sao Tome and Principe consists of a red triangle on the left-
hand side intersecting three horizontal stripes of green, yellow, and green
The yellow band contains two five-pointed stars that are black in color.
These colors are widely known as Pan-African.
The yellow color represents the sun as well as cocoa (a key crop)
the green represents the agriculture and vegetation of Sao Tome and Principe.
The red color, similar to many other countries in the region, represents the struggle for independence and the two black stars illustrate the two islands of the country.
The majority of residents belong to the Roman Catholic Church, which in turn retains close ties with the church in Portugal.
Apart from Christianity, the country has Muslims, Atheists, and traditional believers
Other minority religions Protestants, Jehovah's Witness Christian, and Polynesian Mana.
The constitution of Sao Tome and Principle protects all religious groups. The government to some extent also respects religious freedom with no religious discrimination.
Portuguese is the official national language of São Tomé and Príncipe, with about 98.4% speaking it.
French and English are foreign languages residents of Sao Tome and Principe learn English and French in the country's schools.
Unitary semi-presidential republic.
On the islands of São Tomé and Príncipe, the climate is tropical, hot, and humid throughout the year, with maximum temperatures around 30 °C (86 °F) from January to April and slightly lower from June to August.
Both islands are covered with thick forests, and in inland areas, there are hills wrapped in mist.
The best time to visit São Tomé runs from June to September, while in Príncipe, it runs from mid-June to mid-September, since it is the driest period when it rarely rains.
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