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Samoa, officially the Independent State of Samoa.
Samoa lies south of the equator, about halfway between Hawaii and New Zealand, in the Polynesian region of the Pacific Ocean.
is an island country consisting of two main islands, Savai'i and Upolu,
two smaller inhabited islands, Manono and Apolima, and several small uninhabited islands including the Aleipata Islands.
The Samoan flag was adopted on February 24, 1949, while Samoa was still a trust territory of New Zealand.
Samoa gained its independence from New Zealand on January 1, 1962.
The flag of Samoa consists of a red base with a blue square in the top left corner.
The Red color represents courage.
The blue represents freedom and
the white represents purity.
The five stars represent the constellation of the Southern Cross, representing the stars Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta and Epsilon, which is smaller because it doesn't shine as brightly as the other stars in the constellation.
The cross represents Samoa's geographical position in the world and its link to New Zealand, which also incorporates the Southern Cross on its national flag.
The official language of Samoa is Samoan and it is spoken across the majority of Samoa's islands.
Samoan is the oldest and most spoken Polynesian language worldwide.
English is widely spoken in Samoa and is predominately used for business communications. Many Samoan's are fully bilingual in both languages, so there are more speakers of Samoan than English in Samoa.
Christianity is the religion of the majority in Samoa.
Following diverse Protestant denominations, as well as the Roman Catholic church.
Other popular Protestant sects include the Assembly of God and the Seventh Day Adventist.
Accompanying them Congregationalists and Methodists.
Unitary dominant-party parliamentary republic.
the climate is tropical, that is, hot, humid, and rainy throughout the year, with a maximum in rainfall from December to March and a relative minimum from June to September.
Temperatures are stable, with little variation between the hottest period (December to April), when highs are about 30 °C (86 °F), and the coolest period (June to September), when they are around 29 °C (84 °F). Temperatures at night are almost always above 20 °C (68 °F).
The south-east trade winds blow steadily throughout the year, making the heat more bearable.
Rainfall occurs in the form of downpours or thunderstorms, which are intense but usually short-lived, except in the period from December to March, when they can sometimes last for several hours.
Rainfall is enhanced by the mountains that are found in the interior of the two main islands, and in particular, the largest island, Savai'i, where Mount Silisili is located, 1,858 meters (6,096 feet) high. Here, the rains even exceed 5 meters (195 inches) per year.
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