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Saint Kitts and Nevis

Country Name

Saint Kitts and Nevis, officially known as the Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis.

Location

Saint Kitts and Nevis are two tropical islands in the Caribbean Sea

and part of the Leeward Islands, they are situated about

400 km east of  Puerto Rico. 

It shares maritime borders with Antigua and Barbuda

Netherlands (Sint Maarten), VenezuelaMontserrat

 (United Kingdom), and Saint Barthélemy (France).

St Kitts and Nevis.png

Reason for naming the country 

Saint Kitts was named Liamuiga, which roughly translates as 'fertile land', by the Kalinago, who originally inhabited the island.

 The name is preserved via St. Kitts's tallest peak, Mount Liamuiga.

Nevis's pre-Columbian name was Oualie, meaning "land of beautiful waters".

It is thought that Christopher Columbus, the first European to see the islands in 1493, named the larger island San Cristóbal, after Saint Christopher, his patron saint and the patron hallow of travelers.

No matter the origin of the name, the island was well documented as San Cristóbal by the 17th century.

 The first English colonists kept the English translation of this name and called it St. Christopher's Island.

In the 17th century, a common nickname for Christopher was Kit(t); hence, the island came to be informally referred to as Saint Kitt's Island, later further shortened to Saint Kitt's.

Capital 

Basseterre (St. Kitts),

Charlestown (Nevis)

Flag

The flag of St. Kitts and Nevis was adopted on September 19, 1983.

The flag of St. Kitts and Nevis consists of three diagonal stripes.

The top stripe is Green and the bottom stripe is Red, and they are of equal size.

In the middle of the flag, there is a Black stripe that is bordered on the top and bottom by a thin Yellow stripe. In the black stripe, there are two white stars.

The green color represents agriculture and fertility of the country.

The red represents the nation's difficulty in trying to end slavery and colonialism and to achieve independence.

The black represents the African heritage of the islands.

Yellow stands for consistent sunshine in the Caribbean.

The stars represent the islands of St. Kitts and Nevis and symbolize their liberty and hope.

saint-kitts-and-nevis-flag.jpg

Language 

Saint Kitts and Nevis have English as both its national and official language.

Religion

Most inhabitants are Christians, mainly Anglicans and other Protestants denominations, with a smaller population of Catholics.

Currency

East Caribbean dollar (XCD)

East Caribbean dollar.jpg

Time zone​

-04:00 GMT

Government Regime

Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy

Climate

The climate in St. Kitts and Nevis are tropical, hot, and humid all year round, with a relatively cool, dry season from January to mid-April and a hot, humid, and rainy season from mid-June to mid-November.

In the former period, the northeast trade winds, constant winds typical of tropical climates, blow steadily and with moderate intensity, while in the latter period, these winds are more irregular, and may have some pauses, increasing the feeling of sultriness.

Between them, there are two transitional periods: from mid-November to early January (when the northeast wind starts to blow, the temperature decreases a bit and the weather improves) and from mid-April to Mid-June (when both the temperature and the frequency of downpours gradually increase).
Saint Kitts and Nevis is a state located in the group of the Lesser Antilles, and formed by the two islands of the same name, with Basseterre as the capital city.
The daily average temperature ranges from around 25 degrees Celsius (77 °F) in January and February, which are the coolest months, to 28 °C (82 °F) between June and October, which is the hottest period.

International Phone Code

+1  869

Internet Code

.kn

Some Facts About Saint Kitts and Nevis

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