Rwanda, formerly Ruanda, officially the Republic of Rwanda .
Rwanda is located in Central Africa.
The reason for naming the country
The Belgians and the Germans who called the region "Rwanda".
The word Rwanda means “the land of a thousand hills”. And it was named by that name; Due to the large number of hills in it.
In 1962 AD, after gaining independence, it was officially called "the Republic of Rwanda"; Due to its "republican" system of government.
The flag of Rwanda was adopted on October 25, 2001.
The flag consists of three unequal horizontal stripes blue, yellow &
In the upper right corner of the blue stripes there a yellow sun.
The blue color represents peace and happiness,
the yellow color represents economic development,
and the green color expresses the prosperity of the country and
its natural resources.
The yellow sun represents enlightenment.
The previous flag was originally identical with the flag of Guinea, thus Rwanda had been forced to add a capital letter R on its flag.
The people of Rwanda mainly speak three major languages: Kinyarwanda, French, and English. These three languages are also official.
Kinyarwanda is an official language and the only ethnic language spoken by the three Rwandan ethnic groups: the Hutu, Tutsi, and Twa people. The language is the most widely spoken in the country, with about 93% of the population using the language and it is used in media, administration, commerce for daily business and in schools.
French language is the second official language
Roman Catholic Christianity is the largest Christian group and the most popular religion in Rwanda with about half the population adhering to the religion.
Protestant Christianity is the second-largest Christian group in the country and the second-largest religion,
All of the other forms of Christianity combine to be the third-largest religious belief in Rwanda. The Jehovah's Witnesses are the most important group out of all the other forms of Christianity in Rwanda.
Islam is the fourth largest religious belief in Rwanda, but only afew of the population practices the religion. Most of the Muslims in the country follow Sunni Islam.
Only a few people in Rwanda practice African folk beliefs but many followers of other faiths in the country incorporate some traditional elements into their religious practices.
Rwandan franc (RWF)
Unitary dominant-party parliamentary constitutional republic
In Rwanda, the "land of a thousand hills" the climate is pleasantly warm all year round, with cool nights, because of the altitude. In fact, most of the country is located on a plateau, around 1,500 meters (5,000 feet) above sea level. The altitude decreases below a thousand meters (3,300 feet) only in the westernmost part, along the Rusizi River, which marks the border with the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and which is, therefore, the only area where it can get hot, and the temperature can sometimes reach 35 °C (95 °F).
Rainy season from September to May and the dry season from June to August.
Between the two rainy seasons, the most intense is the one going from March to May, and the rainiest months are usually April and May.
The best time to visit Rwanda runs from June to August, since it is the driest of the year. June and July are the best months, while by the second half of August, the rains usually start to get a bit more frequent.
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