Russia, Or officially the Russian Federation.
Russia is a transcontinental country, it lies in Asia and the European continent.
77% of Russia's area is in Asia, and 23% is in Europe.
Russia is the largest country in the world.
European Russia is the western part of the Russian Federation, which is located in Eastern Europe, Northern Asia is known as Asian Russia or Siberia.
Russia is bordered by 14 countries,
Reason for naming the country
The name Russia is derived from Rus', a medieval state populated mostly by the East Slavs.
However, this proper name became more prominent in the later history, and the country typically was called by its inhabitants "Русская Земля" (russkaja zemlja), which can be translated as "Russian Land" or "Land of Rus".
An old Latin version of the name Rus' was Ruthenia, mostly applied to the western and southern regions of Rus' that were adjacent to Catholic Europe. The current name of the country, Россия (Rossija), comes from the Byzantine Greek designation of the Rus', in Modern Greek.
The standard way to refer to citizens of Russia is "Russians" in English and rossiyane in Russian.
There are two Russian words that are commonly translated into English as "Russians", One is russkiye, and the other one is rossiyane, which means "citizens of Russia, regardless of ethnicity".
(Translations into other languages often do not distinguish these two groups.)
The Russian flag was adopted as the National flag in August 1991,
just before the country became an independent state and member of the United Nations on December 26, 1991.
The colors of the Russian flag are inspired by the Netherlands flag,
which is Red, White and Blue
The flag is consisting of three equal horizontal fields:
white on the top, blue in the middle, and red on the bottom.
The White color represents nobility, honesty;
and the sky-Blue represents loyalty, honesty, irreproachability, purity;
and the Red represents courage, self-sacrifice, generosity, love.
- The flags of Russia, Slovenia, Slovakia, and the flag of Serbia are almost identical to one another, these flags comprise of three horizontal stripes of red, blue, and white, but the difference is in the coat of arms also Russian flag didn't contain any symbols while the color of Serbian flag is upside down.
- The flags of Slovenia & Slovakia most closely resembling the Russian flag, which differs mainly in being longer than the Russian flag and incorporating their respective country's coat of arms into the flag design.
- The first flag of Russia was believed to first be in use in 1668. Since that time, there have been multiple variants.
- Russia’s president uses a variant flag, which features the same tricolor design with the coat of arms in the middle. This flag has been in use since 1994.
- National flag day is celebrated in Russia on August 22.
Although Russian is the official language there are more than 100
minority languages are spoken in Russia today.
Many of the ethnic groups in Russia speak their own language, with Russian being either their first or second language.
There are 35 different languages that are considered official languages in various regions of Russia, along with Russian.
Religion in Russia is diverse, Russian Orthodox being the most widely professed faith, but with significant minorities of non-religious people and adherents of other faiths.
A 1997 law on religion recognizes the right of freedom for other religions and respect them "Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Judaism, and other religions.
Russian ruble (₽).
Russia has 11 time zones
+02:00 up to +12:00
Russia is a federal republic
The enormous size of Russia and the remoteness of many areas from the sea result in the dominance of the humid continental climate, which is prevalent in all parts of the country except for the tundra and the extreme southwest.
Mountains in the south obstruct the flow of warm air masses from the Indian Ocean, while the plain of the west and north makes the country open to Arctic and Atlantic influences.
Most of Northern European Russia and Siberia has a subarctic climate, with extremely severe winters in the inner regions of Northeast Siberia (mostly the Sakha Republic, where the Northern Pole of Cold is located with the record low temperature of −71.2 °C.
In many regions of East Siberia and the Far East, winter is dry compared to summer.
In effect there are only two seasons, winter and summer; spring and autumn are brief periods of rapid change from one extreme to the other.