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Updated: Sep 9, 2022

Home> Countries> South America> Venezuela

Country Name

Venezuela, officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.


Venezuela is a country on the northern coast of South America.

It consists of a continental landmass and many small islands and islets in the Caribbean Sea. It is bordered on the north by the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, on the west by Colombia, Brazil by the south, Trinidad and Tobago to the northeast, and to the east by Guyana.



Reason for Naming the country

According to the most popular and accepted version, in 1499, an expedition led by Alonso de Ojeda visited the Venezuelan coast.

The stilt houses in the area of Lake Maracaibo reminded the Italian navigator, Amerigo Vespucci, of the city of Venice, Italy, so he named the region Veneziola, or "Little Venice".


The current flag of Venezuela was adopted in 2006. The original flag was adopted in 1811.

The flag of Venezuela consists of three equal-sized horizontal stripes.

The top stripe is yellow, the middle is blue, and the bottom stripe is red.

In the middle of the blue stripe, there are 8 white five-pointed stars that are arranged in a semi-circle.

In the top left-hand corner, there is the country's coat of arms.