Updated: Sep 14, 2022
The Turks and Caicos Islands.
The Turks and Caicos Islands are a British Overseas Territory consisting of the larger Caicos Islands and smaller Turks Islands, two groups of tropical islands in the Lucayan Archipelago of the Atlantic Ocean and northern West Indies.
Turks and Caicos is a tiny island nation located in the Caribbean. To the east, there’s Cuba, and to the north, the Dominican Republic and Haiti.
Reason for naming the country
The Turks and Caicos Islands are named after the Turk's cap cactus (Melocactus intortus), and the Lucayan term caya hico, meaning 'string of islands.
The current flag was adopted in 1968. The flag is composed of a blue background with a Union Jack (the flag of the United Kingdom) in the canton and a yellow shield on the right side of the flag contains a shell, a lobster, and a cactus.
The shell and the Lobster represent the local fishing industry while the cactus represents the local flora.
The official language of the islands is English. The population also speaks Turks and Caicos Islands Creole, which is similar to Bahamian Creole.
The minority languages spoken in Turks and Caicos include Haitian Creole (French-based language) and Spanish.
Due to its closeness to Cuba and Hispaniola, large Haitian Creole and Spanish-speaking communities have developed in the territory due to immigration, both legal and illegal, from Haitian Creole-speaking Haiti and from Spanish-speaking Cuba and the Dominican Republic.