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Famous Food in Egypt

Updated: May 22


Egyptian cuisine shares similarities with the food of the Eastern Mediterranean region and Turkish cuisines, such as rice-stuffed vegetables, shawarma, kebab, and kofta.

Kushari

Kushari is a famous dish in Egypt for more than 100 years, it contains layers of rice, Lentil, pasta, tomato sauce, fried onion, garlic sauce, and chickpeas.

Some people thought Kushari is an Egyptian dish but it was not, during 1914 in the WW1 when the Indian soldiers came with the British troops , they introduce this dish in Cairo but it was made of rice and Lentil Only, after that the Italian people who were lived in Cairo at that time they added the pasta on it.

after a while, the Egyptian people added the tomato and garlic sauce, the crispy fried onion and chickpeas at the top of the dish.

Since then, the kushari has been an Egyptian mark in Egyptian cuisine.

Koshari Egyptian food

Foul Medames (Beans)

One of the most popular dishes in Egypt dates back to the ancient Egyptians.

The way of preparation varies from one governorate to another, it can be prepared with butter, tomato sauce, tahini, pastirma, boiled and fried eggs Always served at breakfast beside Egyptian bread.



Falafel "Tameya"

Tameya is one of the popular and fast food in Egypt.

It is made of Split Fava Beans then mixed until fairly smooth and then fried in heat oil.

It said its origin dates back to the Levant and later moved to the Arabic kitchens, while the Jews assert that the falafel is Hebrew.

Some said the Egyptian Coptic the first people to discover this dish cause they replaced it with the meat dishes in time of fasting, then it spread from Egypt to the Levant.

While others said that "Falafel" is an ancient Egyptian food, they described that it means "a lot of beans" in the Ancient Egyptian language.


Fattah

Fatah contains layers of Toasted bread, Rice, tomato sauce with vinegar and garlic, and on top pieces of meat.

It is a popular and famous dish especially in Eid Al Adha for Muslims and Easter for Christian in Egypt.

It named "Fattah" in the Arabic language because it means breaking the bread into small pieces and mix it with meat or chicken soup.

Some said its origin is Arabic, others said it is Ottoman and others said it is Fatimid.

While in the festivals and celebrations of the Ancient Egyptians this dish was made with broken bread, soup, tomato sauce, and without rice.



Molokhia

It is an old Egyptian dish, first, they thought this plant was poisoned But when the Hyksos conquered Egypt, they forced the Egyptians to eat it and were surprised that they found it a non-toxic and very delicious dish.

In the Era of the Caliph "Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah" he issued a decision forbidding eating Molokhia on the general public because of his love for Molokhia and making it for the princes and kings and it is the name changed to "Mulukeya".

After that, the Molokhiya was transferred to the Arab countries. It is cooked by cutting Molokhia leaves with chicken, beef, or rabbit soup. Coriander and garlic are added and served with Egyptian bread or rice.

The way of cook differs from one area to another in Egypt.



Bisarah

Bisarah is a vegetarian dish rich in protein.

It was known since the Pharaonic era and made from beans. It is mixed with many herbs like parsley, dill, leek, crushed beans, onions, green peppers or green chilies, fresh green coriander.



Mahshi (Stuffed Veg)

Mahshi is not an Egyptian food, as some thought, but it was known in Egypt during the Ottoman rule.

It is originated in Turkey, known as Dolma, but the Egyptians added the vegetables to the rice mixture.

Egyptians did not add the minced meat to the rice as the Turkish people do.

This dish is famous on all occasions in Egypt.



Hamam mahshi (Stuffed Pigeon )

The grilled pigeon is one of the favorites food in Egyptian cuisine, served grilled and stuffed with rice or Freekeh.


Baba ghanog

Baba ghanoush is a kind of appetizer in Egypt

Baba Ghanoug is made of grilled eggplant and then mixed with tahini, lemon juice, salt, pepper, parsley and cumin, olive oil.

It is served with Egyptian bread.



Feter Meshaltet (Egyptian Pie)

One of the oldest pies in Egypt, it first made 6 thousand years ago.

The Pharos is the first people to bake it, they used to put it beside the dead in their tombs.

They used to offer that kind of pie to gods in the temples because it was made from the most expensive food at this time such as flour, ghee, and fine honey.

The meaning of " Meshaltet" in the ancient Egyptian language means "layers" This is because it is made from many layers of dough.

Nowadays there are many kinds to serve this pie, it can be baked with vegetables, sugar or Jam.



Fesekh

​​It is a seasonal food in Egypt you can find it only at Sham Al Naseem (Spring Festival).

The origin of this dish from the pharaohs who dried salted it, and eat it.


Qulqas (Taro Soap)

Taro is famous for the preparation during the Coptic Christian celebrations (Epiphany)

It is shredded, sliced ​​, and cooked in broth with lemon juice and coriander served with Egyptian bread.



Hawawshi (meat pie)

It is minced meat, seasoned with onions, spices, chili, it is placed between the finest white dough (the Alexandrian Hawawshi) or the Egyptian bread (Cairo Hawawshi)and then baked in the oven.​



Sayadiya

It is a seafood dish cooked with rice and onion/tomato sauce and then baked in a casserole in the oven.

Alexandria, Port Said, and Suez are known for this kind of food.


Kebabs, kofta and tarab

Kebabs are grilled meat cubes, usually made from veal or mutton, usually served with bread and a variety of green salads and tahini salad, Baba Ghanouj.

The kofta of tarab is considered one of the most expensive types of grills that are sold by shops and supermarkets because they are difficult in some ways, especially because they require the existence of a sheepskin napkin.


Halawa

It is a common food in the whole Middle East, made from a sesame paste, and can be mixed with almonds, pistachios, walnuts, pine or whipped cream, the main common food among Egyptians as a snack at breakfast or dinner,


Kishk

​The Kishk is considered to be one of the most authentic dishes in Egyptian cuisine.

Its origins from Eastern and Central Asia, Anatolia, and not Egyptian as believed, its way varies from one country to another.

But in general, it is made from wheat bran and sour milk.


Desserts


Um Ali

"Umm Ali" is one of the most delicious Egyptian sweets.

It is rich with nuts. It is layers of puff