top of page
  • Writer's pictureTo-Go

South Korea

Updated: Sep 15, 2022

Home> Countries> Asia> South Korea

Country Name

South Korea or officially the Republic of Korea.


South Korea is located in eastern Asia. The country is bordered by the Democratic People's Republic of Korea- North Korea- to the north, the East Sea (Sea of Japan) to the east, the East China Sea to the south, and the Yellow Sea to the west; to the southeast, it is separated from the Japanese island of Tsushima by the Korea Strait.



Reason for Naming

The name Korea derives from the name Goryeo (also spelled Koryŏ). The name Goryeo itself was first used by the ancient kingdom of Goguryeo (Koguryŏ) which was one of the great powers in East Asia during its time, ruling most of the Korean Peninsula, Manchuria, parts of the Russian Far East, and parts of Inner Mongolia, under Gwanggaeto the Great.


The first use of the current flag design was in 1882 and the adoption of the Flag was on January 27, 1883. The last change to the current South Korean flag design was on October 15, 1948.

The flag of South Korea, also known as the Taegukgi, the flag consists

of three parts: a white background, a red and blue Taegeuk* in its center, and four black trigrams one toward each corner.

The white background is a traditional color in Korean culture that represents peace and purity.