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Updated: Sep 15, 2022

Home> Countries> Europe> Slovakia

Country Name

Slovakia, or officially the Slovak Republic.


Slovakia is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It is bordered by Poland to the north, Ukraine to the east, Hungary to the south, Austria to the southwest, and the Czech Republic to the northwest.



Reason for Naming

The first written mention of the name Slovakia is in 1586. It derives from the Czech word Slováky.

The native name Slovensko derives from an older name of Slovaks, Sloven, which may indicate its origin before the 15th century, the original meaning was geographic, not political, since Slovakia was a part of the multiethnic Kingdom of Hungary and did not form a separate administrative unit in this period.


The first use of the flag was in 1848. The current Flag of Slovakia was adopted on 3 September 1992.

The flag consists of three horizontal stripes with white, blue, and red colors.

The colors used on the flag are the Pan-Slavic colors seen on the national flags of other Slavic countries.

These colors were based on the flag of Russia, which was inspired by the flag of the Netherlands. These colors are also used in the Slovak coat of arms that is featured in the flag’s design.

To differentiate this flag from the flag of the Russian Federation, the national coat of arms was added to the hoist side.

The coat of arms features a Medieval-style shield with a double-cross sitting on a three-peaked mountain.

The white color represents honesty, the blue color represents honesty and morality, and the red represents courage and generosity.

The cross design symbolizes Christianity, while the mountain is a symbol of the mountain ranges of Fatra, Matra, and Tatra.

Flag Facts:

- The flags of Russia, Slovenia, Slovakia, and the flag of Serbia are almost identical to one another, these flags comprise three horizontal stripes of red, blue, and white, but the difference is in the coat of arms also Russian flag didn't contain any symbols while the color of Serbian flag is upside down.

- The flags of Slovenia & Slovakia most closely resemble the Russian flag, which differs mainly in being longer than the Russian flag and incorporating their respective country's coat of arms into the flag design.