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Updated: Sep 16, 2022

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Country Name

Serbia or officially the Republic of Serbia.


Serbia is a landlocked country situated at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe in the southern Pannonian Plain and the central Balkans.

It borders Hungary to the north, Romania to the northeast, Bulgaria

to the southeast, North Macedonia to the south, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina to the west, and Montenegro to the southwest.

The country claims a border with Albania through the disputed territory of Kosovo.



Reason for Naming

The origin of the name Serbia is unclear.

Historically, authors have mentioned the Serbs and the Sorbs of eastern Germany in a variety of ways: Cervetiis (Servetiis), Suurbi, Sorabi, Soraborum, Sorabos, Surpe, Sorabici, Sorabiet, etc These authors used these names to refer to Serbs and Sorbs in areas where their historical and current presence is not uncertain (notably in the Balkans and Lusatia).

There exist two prevailing theories on the origin of the ethnonym Serb, one from the Proto-Slavic language with an appellative meaning of a "family kinship" and "alliance", while another from an Iranian-Sarmatian language with various meanings.

Some scholars based on the claim of Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus suggest that name Serb comes from the Latin word servus, "servant" or "slave".

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