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Updated: Sep 16, 2022

Home> Countries> Africa> Senegal

Country Name

Senegal, or officially the Republic of Senegal.


Senegal is located in West Africa. Senegal is bordered by Mauritania in the north, Mali to the east, Guinea to the southeast, and Guinea-Bissau to the southwest. It also nearly surrounds The Gambia. Also, Senegal shares a maritime border with Cape Verde.



The reason for naming the country

"Senegal" probably derives from a Portuguese transliteration of the name of the Zenaga, also known as the Sanhaja, the word "gal" meaning the body of water in the Serer language. Alternatively, the name could derive from the Wolof word "Sunuu Gaal," which means "our boat."


The flag of Senegal was adopted on August 20, 1960, after gaining independence.

The flag consists of three vertical stripes green, yellow, and red colors.

In the middle of the yellow stripe, there is a green five-pointed star is located. The colors are typical pan-African, where green represents the rich

nature of the country as well as the Muslim religion, yellow represents sunshine, arts, and welfare, and red represents the bloodshed in the struggles for independence of the country.