Updated: Sep 17, 2022
Saudi Arabia and officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Saudi Arabia is a country in Western Asia. Saudi Arabia is bordered by Jordan and Iraq to the north, Kuwait to the northeast, Qatar, Bahrain, and The United Arab Emirates to the east, Oman to the southeast, and Yemen to the south; it is separated from Egypt and Palestine by the Gulf of Aqaba.
It is the only country with both a Red Sea coast and a Persian Gulf coast, and most of its terrain consists of arid deserts, lowlands, and mountains.
Reason for Naming
Following the combination of the Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd, the new state was named al-Mamlakah al-Arabiyah as-Saudiyah (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia) by royal order on 23 September 1932 by its founder, Abdulaziz bin Saud. Although this is normally translated as "the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia" in English, it means "the Saudi Arab kingdom", or "the Arab Saudi Kingdom".
Al Saud is an Arabic name formed from the dynastic name of the Saudi royal family, the Al Saud (آل سعود), formed by adding the word Al, meaning "family of" or "House of", to the personal name of an ancestor. In the case of the Al Saud, this is Saud ibn Muhammad ibn Muqrin, the father of the dynasty's 18th-century founder, Muhammad bin Saud
The first use of the current flag design was in 1932. The flag was adopted on 15 March 1973.
The flag consists of a green background with the Shahada or Muslim
creed* written in the Thuluth script in white above a horizontal sword,
in which the tip was pointed to the hoist-side in the center.
The inscription is the Islamic Creed or shahada: "There is no god but
Allah; Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah".
The green color represents Islam, and the sword stands for the strictness in applying justice.
The official language of Saudi Arabia is Arabic.
The three main regional variants spoken by Saudis are Hejazi Arabic, Najdi Arabic, and Gulf Arabic.
The large immigrant communities also speak their languages, the most numerous of which are Tagalog, Rohingya, Urdu, Egyptian Arabic, and Indonesian.
Officially all Saudi citizens are Muslim, and almost all Saudi residents are Muslim. Estimates of the Sunni population of Saudi Arabia range between 75% and 90%, with the remaining 10–25% being Shia Muslims.
The official and dominant form of Sunni Islam in Saudi Arabia is commonly known as Salafism (Wahhabism).
There is a small number of Christians in Saudi Arabia estimates at about 1,500,000, almost all foreign workers.
Saudi Arabia allows Christians to enter the country as foreign workers for temporary work but does not allow them to practice their faith openly and not allow to enter Makkah.
The percentage of Saudi Arabian citizens who are Christians is officially zero, as Saudi Arabia forbids religious conversion from Islam and punishes it. There are also390,000 Hindus in Saudi Arabia and almost all foreign workers
Saudi Riyal (SR) (SAR).
Unitary Islamic absolute monarchy.