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Saudi Arabia

Updated: Sep 17, 2022

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Country Name

Saudi Arabia and officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.


Saudi Arabia is a country in Western Asia. Saudi Arabia is bordered by Jordan and Iraq to the north, Kuwait to the northeast, Qatar, Bahrain, and The United Arab Emirates to the east, Oman to the southeast, and Yemen to the south; it is separated from Egypt and Palestine by the Gulf of Aqaba.

It is the only country with both a Red Sea coast and a Persian Gulf coast, and most of its terrain consists of arid deserts, lowlands, and mountains.



Reason for Naming

Following the combination of the Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd, the new state was named al-Mamlakah al-Arabiyah as-Saudiyah (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia) by royal order on 23 September 1932 by its founder, Abdulaziz bin Saud. Although this is normally translated as "the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia" in English, it means "the Saudi Arab kingdom", or "the Arab Saudi Kingdom".

Al Saud is an Arabic name formed from the dynastic name of the Saudi royal family, the Al Saud (آل سعود), formed by adding the word Al, meaning "family of" or "House of", to the personal name of an ancestor. In the case of the Al Saud, this is Saud ibn Muhammad ibn Muqrin, the father of the dynasty's 18th-century founder, Muhammad bin Saud


The first use of the current flag design was in 1932. The flag was adopted on 15 March 1973.

The flag consists of a green background with the Shahada or Muslim

creed* written in the Thuluth script in white above a horizontal sword,