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Saint Kitts and Nevis

Updated: Sep 18, 2022

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Country Name

Saint Kitts and Nevis, officially the Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis.



Location

Saint Kitts and Nevis are two Caribbean Sea tropical islands that are part of the Leeward Islands. They are located about 400 kilometers east of Puerto Rico. It shares maritime borders with Antigua and Barbuda, Sint Maarten (Netherlands), Venezuela, Montserrat (United Kingdom), and Saint Barthélemy (France).


Capital

Basseterre (St. Kitts),

Charlestown (Nevis).



Reason for Naming the country

The Kalinago, who first occupied the island, named it Liamuiga, which approximately translates as "fertile land." Mount Liamuiga, St. Kitts' highest point, bears the name. The pre-Columbian name of Nevis was Oualie, which means "country of lovely waters." It is believed that Christopher Columbus, the first European to visit the islands in 1493, named the bigger island San Cristóbal after Saint Christopher, his patron saint and the patron saint of travelers. Whatever the origin of the name, the island was fully recorded as San Cristóbal by the 17th century.

The early English colonists retained the English version of this name and named the island St. Christopher's Island. In the 17th century, a frequent nickname for Christopher was Kit(t), hence the island became known as Saint Kitt's Island, eventually abbreviated to Saint Kitt's.



Flag

The flag of St. Kitts and Nevis was adopted on September 19, 1983. The flag of St. Kitts and Nevis consists of three diagonal stripes.

The top stripe is green and the bottom stripe is red, and they are of equal size. In the middle of the flag, there is a Black stripe that is bordered on the top and bottom by a thin yellow stripe. In the black stripe, there are two white stars. The green color represents the agriculture and fertility of the country. The red represents the nation's difficulty in trying to end slavery and colonialism and achieve independence. The black represents the African heritage of the islands. Yellow stands for consistent sunshine in the Caribbean. The stars represent the islands of St. Kitts and Nevis and symbolize their liberty and hope.



Language

English is the national and official language of Saint Kitts and Nevis.

Saint Kitts Creole is a Caribbean Creole based on English that is spoken throughout the nation.




Religion

Most inhabitants are Christians, mainly Anglicans and other Protestant denominations, with a smaller population of Catholics.