Papua New Guinea

Updated: Sep 19

Home> Countries> Oceania/ Australia> Papua New Guinea




Country Name

Papua New Guinea, or officially the Independent State of Papua New Guinea.

Location

Papua New Guinea is located in the southwestern Pacific Ocean and to the north of Australia.

The neighboring countries of Papua New Guinea are Australia,

Federated States of Micronesia, Solomon Islands, and New Caledonia.


Capital

Port Moresby.​


Reason For Naming

"New Guinea" (Nueva Guinea) was the name invented by the Spanish explorer Yñigo Ortiz de Retez.

In 1545, he noted the resemblance of the people to those he had earlier seen along the Guinea coast of Africa. Guinea, in its turn, is etymologically derived from the Portuguese word Guiné.

The name is one of several toponyms sharing similar etymologies, ultimately meaning "land of the blacks" or similar meanings, in reference to the dark skin of the inhabitants




Flag

The flag of Papua New Guinea was adopted on 1 July 1971.

The flag is a bicolor divided diagonally into two triangular sections Black

triangle (the bottom) and the Red triangle (The top).

There are 5 stars on the black bottom part which represents the Southern

Cross constellations following flags of Australia and New Zealand are placed.

The upper red part of the flag is dominated by a golden silhouette of a bird,

which represents the national symbol of the country.

The used colors in the flag are Red, yellow, white, and black has been used by the indigenous population for decorating objects of folk art for a long time.



Language

English is the main language of government and commerce. The most widely spoken language is Tok Pisin a creole combining grammatical elements of indigenous languages, some German, and, English.




Religion

The country’s constitution protects religious freedom.

The predominant religion is Christianity.

98 % of citizens identified themselves as Christian ( Roman Catholic, Evangelical Lutheran, United Church, Seventh-day Adventist, Pentecostal, Evangelical Alliance, Anglican, Baptist. Other Christian groups include The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons), Jehovah’s Witnesses, and the Salvation Army.

There are also small numbers of Bahāʾīs, Muslims, and some indigenous beliefs.


Currency

Papua New Guinean kina.




Time Zone

+10:00 GMT.

+11:00 GMT.



Government Regime

Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy.

Climate

The climate in Papua New Guinea is hot and humid throughout the year along the coasts and in the plains, while it is progressively cooler, and then colder, as we go up in altitude. In much of the country, covered with dense rainforests, there is no dry season, so we can speak of an equatorial climate, while in some inland valleys and along the south coast, there is a relatively dry season from July to September, and therefore the climate is tropical. The climate is influenced by the monsoon circulation: the northwest monsoon prevails from December to April and the southeast monsoon from May to October.


International Phone Code

+675


Internet Code

.pg



Readers Also Read:


Quick Brief About Papua New Guinea


Facts About Papua New Guinea


Famous Food you should try in Papua New Guinea


Famous Places to Visit in Papua New Guinea


Customs, Traditions & Etiquette in Papua New Guinea

أشهر الأكلات في بابوا غينيا الجديدة


معلومات شيقة عن بابوا غينيا الجديدة


نبذة عن بابوا غينيا الجديدة


أشهر الأماكن السياحية في بابوا غينيا الجديدة


عادات و ثقافة بابوا غينيا الجديدة






2 views0 comments

Recent Posts

See All