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Updated: Sep 19, 2022

Home> Countries> Asia> Palestine

Country Name

Palestine, or officially the State of Palestine.


The Gaza Strip borders the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Egypt to the south, and Israel to the north and east. The West Bank is bordered by Jordan to the east, and Israel to the north, south, and west.

Thus, the two enclaves constituting the area claimed by the State of Palestine have no geographical border with one another, being separated by Israel.



Ramallah (the administrative center).

Reason for Naming

Since the British Mandate, the term "Palestine" has been associated with the geographical area that currently covers the State of Israel, the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip. General use of the term "Palestine" or related terms to the area at the southeast corner of the Mediterranean Sea beside Syria has historically been taking place since the times of Ancient Greece, with Herodotus being the first historian writing in the 5th century BC of a "district of Syria, called Palestine" in which Phoenicians interacted with other maritime peoples in The Histories.

The term "Palestine" (in Latin, Palæstina) is thought to have been a term coined by the Ancient Greeks for the area of land occupied by the Philistines, although there are other explanations.