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Updated: Sep 20, 2022

Home> Countries> Africa> Nigeria

Country Name

Nigeria, or officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria.


Nigeria is located in western Africa. Nigeria is bordered by the Gulf of Guinea, Benin to the west, Niger to the north, and Chad and Cameroon to the east.



The reason for naming the country

The name Nigeria was taken from the Niger River running through the country. British journalist Flora Shaw issued this name on January 8, 1897. The neighboring Niger takes its name from the same river.


The flag of Nigeria was adopted on 1 October 1960.

The Nigerian flag was adopted after gaining independence from Britain in 1960. The flag consists of three vertical stripes; green, white, green, two green on the sides, and one white in-between. The two green stripes represent Nigeria's natural wealth, while the white band represents peace.

Another interpretation says the flag should evoke the river Niger undulating between the greenery of Nigerian fields and forests.