Niger

Updated: Sep 20

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Country Name

Niger, or officially the Republic of the Niger.

Location

Niger is a landlocked country in West Africa. It is bordered by Libya to the northeast, Algeria to the northwest, Chad to the east, Nigeria to the South, Benin to the southwest, Mali, and Burkina Faso to the west.


Capital

Niamey.

The reason for naming the country

Niger is named after the Niger River which flows through the country's west; the origin of the river's name is uncertain, though a popular theory is that it comes from the Tuareg n'eghirren, meaning 'flowing water.


Flag

The flag of Niger was adopted on 23 November 1959, a year before gaining its independence in 1959. The flag consists of three horizontal stripes in orange, white, and green. In the middle of the white stripe, an orange circle is placed. The orange color represents the Sahara Desert in the north, white represents purity, and the green represents hope or Nigerian vegetation in the southern parts of the country. The orange circle represents the bright sun illuminating the local rivers and landscape. The three stripes also represent the three main regions of the country.

*Flag fact:

-The flag of Niger is similar to the flag of India, both consist of three horizontal bands of color which are orange, white, and green. Both flags also incorporate a circular symbol at the center of the flag. The significant difference between the two flags is that the symbol on the Indian flag features a navy blue Ashoka Chakra at the center whereas the symbol on the flag of Niger features an orange roundel.



Language

French, is the official language in Niger, it is spoken mainly as a second language by people who have received a formal western education and serves as the administrative language. Niger has ten recognized national languages: Arabic, Buduma, Fulfulde, Gourmanchéma, Hausa, Kanuri, Zarma & Songhai, Tamasheq, and Tassawaq Tebu. Each is spoken as a first language primarily by the ethnic group with which it is associated.



Religion

Although Niger is a secular country, Islam is the most dominant religion, practiced by 99.3% of the population. The majority of Muslims in Niger are Sunni, then Shi'a, and Ahmadiyya. The other two main religions of Niger are Christianity, and Animism (traditional indigenous religious beliefs).



Currency

West African CFA franc (XOF).




Time Zone

+01:00 GMT.



Government Regime

Unitary semi-presidential republic.


Climate

The climate of Niger is desert in the north, semi-desert in the middle, and semi-arid savanna in the south.

In reality, rainfall rises from north to south throughout the June-September season due to the African monsoon, which delivers humidity and clouds from the Atlantic Ocean.

Winter, from December to mid-February, is the greatest season to visit Niger since the sun shines across the nation, the air is dry, and the temperature is typically comfortable.


Even at this time of year, the south may get rather hot during the day, but the evenings stay cool. It can get cold at night in the north, although the weather is normally nice during the day. Sand storms become more common in January, and the heat begins to rise in the south in February, reaching 40 °C (104 °F), therefore December is the greatest month overall.


International Phone Code

+227


Internet Code

.ne



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