Updated: Sep 21, 2022
The Netherlands Antilles.
They are a group of five islands in the Caribbean Sea that formerly formed an independent part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The group is composed of two widely separated subgroups approximately 500 miles (800 km) apart. The southern group comprises Curaçao and Bonaire, which lie less than 50 miles (80 km) off the Venezuelan coast. The northern group is made up of Sint Eustatius, Saba, and Sint Maarten (the southern part of the island of Saint Martin; the northern part, Saint-Martin, is an overseas collectivity of France). Although the northern islands are locally referred to as “Windward,” they lie within the Leeward Islands group of the Lesser Antilles chain. The capital and largest city were Willemstad, in Curaçao. The island of Aruba, which lies to the west of Curaçao and Bonaire, had initially been part of the Netherlands Antilles, but in 1986 it seceded from the federation to become a separate Dutch territory.
The establishment of the Netherlands Antilles was on 15 December 1954, the Secession of Aruba was on 1 January 1986, and the Disestablished was on 10 October 2010