Nepal

Updated: Sep 18

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Country Name

Nepal, or officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal.

Location

Nepal is a country in South Asia. It is mainly in the Himalayas. It is a landlocked country that is bordered by China in the north and India in the south, east, and west.

Bangladesh is located within only 27 km (17 mi) of its southeastern tip and Bhutan is separated from it by the Indian state of Sikkim.


Capital

Kathmandu.




Reason for Naming

The origin of name Nepal is derived from the Nepal Bhasa, which is the language of Newars, the natives of Kathmandu Valley, and has its origin in the fact that Kathmandu Valley used to be called Nepa, the term that is still used by Newars.



Flag

The flag of Nepal was adopted on 16 December 1962. It is made up of two red orthogonal triangles where one is placed on top of the other, both lined with a blue stripe.

Nepal flag is the world's only non-quadrilateral flag that acts as both the state flag and the civil flag of a sovereign nation.

The upper triangle bears a white silhouette of the moon and the lower triangle holds the symbol of the sun.

The combination of these two symbologies should represent the hope for

Nepalese independence to last as long as there are the sun and the moon.

The flag´s serrate shape also evokes the peaks of the Himalayas.

The red color of the background indicates energy, hardiness, and bravery.

The white color represents purity and innocence; and the blue color represents vigilance, perseverance, and justice.

the moon represents the royal family and its power, while the sun stands for the Rana family and political power.



Language

Nepali is the official language of the nation. Nepali and Maithili rank as the first and second most spoken languages in the country. Nepali is also spoken in parts of northern India. It is the official language of the Indian state of Sikkim. The Nepali language thus acts as the lingua franca of India and Nepal. The Nepali language belongs to the Indo-Aryan language family but is influenced significantly by the Sino-Tibetan languages. Maithili is another popular language of the Indo-Aryan family spoken in Nepal. It is the second most spoken language in Nepal. There is 123 native language in Nepal, 3/4 of these languages belong to the Sino-Tibetan family of languages. These are Nepal Bhasa, Limbu, Magar, Tamang, Rai languages, and Sunuwar languages.



Religion

The religion with the largest number of followers in Nepal was Hinduism, followed by Buddhism; the remaining were Islam, Kirant, Christianity, and Prakriti, or nature worship. Nepal has the largest population of Hindus in the world. Nepal was officially the Hindu Kingdom until recently, and Shiva was considered the guardian deity of the country. Other minorities are The Bahá'í Faith & Judaism

Currency

Nepalese rupee (Rs, रू) (NPR).





Time Zone

+05:45 GMT.




Government Regime

Federal parliamentary republic.


Climate

In Nepal, there are different climates according to altitude: the sub-tropical climate with a rainy season in the southern flat strip, the temperate climate in the low mountains, and finally, the cold mountain climate in the peaks of the Himalayas. Rainfall is plentiful in the period of the summer monsoon (June to early October), which, however, enters with difficulty in some sheltered inland valleys and on the northern slopes. On the southern slopes, at equal altitudes, the east is rainier than the west. The best time to visit Nepal in its entirety runs from November to February, to avoid the summer monsoon but also the heat of the plains, which is intense from March to October.


International Phone Code

+977


Internet Code

.np




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