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Updated: Sep 18, 2022

Home> Countries> Asia> Nepal

Country Name

Nepal, or officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal.


Nepal is a country in South Asia. It is mainly in the Himalayas. It is a landlocked country that is bordered by China in the north and India in the south, east, and west.

Bangladesh is located within only 27 km (17 mi) of its southeastern tip and Bhutan is separated from it by the Indian state of Sikkim.



Reason for Naming

The origin of name Nepal is derived from the Nepal Bhasa, which is the language of Newars, the natives of Kathmandu Valley, and has its origin in the fact that Kathmandu Valley used to be called Nepa, the term that is still used by Newars.


The flag of Nepal was adopted on 16 December 1962. It is made up of two red orthogonal triangles where one is placed on top of the other, both lined with a blue stripe.

Nepal flag is the world's only non-quadrilateral flag that acts as both the state flag and the civil flag of a sovereign nation.

The upper triangle bears a white silhouette of the moon and the lower triangle holds the symbol of the sun.

The combination of these two symbologies should represent the hope for

Nepalese independence to last as long as there are the sun and the moon.

The flag´s serrate shape also evokes the peaks of the Himalayas.

The red color of the background indic