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Updated: Sep 22, 2022

Home> Countries> Asia> Myanmar

Country Name

Myanmar, or Burma, or officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar.


Myanmar is a country located in Southeast Asia.

Myanmar is bordered by Bangladesh and India to its northwest, China to its northeast, Laos, and Thailand to its east and southeast, and the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal to its south and southwest.



Reason for Naming

The name of the country has been a matter of dispute and disagreement, particularly in recent decades, focusing mainly on the political legitimacy of those using Myanmar versus Burma.

Both names derive from the earlier Burmese Myanma or Myamma, an ethnonym for the majority Bamar ethnic group, of uncertain etymology.

The terms are also popularly thought to derive from Brahma Desha after Brahma.


The current flag was adopted on 21 October 2010. It replaced the former flag in use since 1974.

The flag consists of three horizontal stripes with Yellow, green, and, red colors with a five-pointed white star in the middle.

The yellow color represents solidarity, the green color represents the natural wealth of the country, and the red color represents the courage of the local population during numerous fights, the white star symbolizes hope in the unity of all people living in the country.