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Updated: Sep 22, 2022

Home> Countries> Africa> Mozambique

Country Name

Mozambique, or officially the Republic of Mozambique.


Mozambique is a country located in Southern Africa. It is bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and Eswatini (Swaziland) and South Africa to the southwest.

The sovereign state is separated from the Comoros, Mayotte, and Madagascar by the Mozambique Channel to the east.



The reason for naming the country

The country was named Moçambique by the Portuguese after the Island of Mozambique, derived from Mussa Bin Bique or Musa Al Big or Mossa Al Bique or Mussa Ben Mbiki or Mussa Ibn Malik, an Arab trader who first visited the island and later lived there. The island town was the capital of the Portuguese colony until 1898 when it was moved south to Lourenço Marques (now Maputo).


The flag of Mozambique was adopted on 1 May 1983.

Mozambique is the only country whose flag has a symbol of a weapon.

The flag consists of three stripes in green, black, and yellow colors, which are separated by narrower white stripes.

On the left side, there is a red triangle where symbols of a yellow star, white book, hoe, and Kalashnikov are layered.

The green color represents the fertile ground of Mozambique, black represents the African population, and the yellow color stands for mineral wealth.