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Updated: Sep 26, 2022

Home> Countries> Europe> Monaco

Country Name

Monaco, or officially the Principality of Monaco.


Monaco is a sovereign city-state, country, and microstate on the French Riviera in Western Europe. It is bordered by France to the north, east and west, and by the Mediterranean Sea to the south.



Reason for Naming

​Back in the 6th century BC, Monaco was a colony of Phocaea Greeks, and the Ligurians (the first inhabitants of Monaco) referred to it as Monoikos, which means “single house.” This meaning underlines the importance of independence and self-reliance and determination.


The flag of Monaco was adopted on 4 April 1881.

The flag has two equal horizontal stripes, red on the top and white on the bottom.

The flag is a great representation of the Principality of Monaco. The colors are based on the court of arms of Monaco. In the Shield of the Grimaldi’s family court of arms, the colors appear as diamond-shaped patterns.

The red and white colors were mainly used as a form of identity by the family.

The red color represents the flesh of the human body while the white color represents the purity of the soul and spiritual life.

*Flag Facts:

- The flag of Monaco is Similar to the flag of Indonesia & the flag of Poland.

- The flags for Monaco & Indonesia are almost identical—two horizontal stripes, red over white—but Indonesia's flag is longer.