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Updated: Jun 14, 2022

Home> Countries> North America> Martinique

Country Name



Martinique is an island and an overseas department and region of France, and therefore an integral part, of the French Republic, located in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies in the eastern Caribbean Sea.

One of the Windward Islands is directly north of Saint Lucia, northwest of Barbados, and south of Dominica.

Mayotte location



Reason for naming the country

It is thought that Martinique is a corruption of the native name for the island (Madiana/Madinina), meaning 'island of flowers', as relayed to Christopher Columbus when he visited the island in 1502.

According to historian Sydney Daney, the island was called "Jouanacaëra" by the Caribs, which means "the island of iguanas".


The flag was first flown in June 2019 by the national team during its participation in the 2019 CONCACAF Gold Cup.

As the island of Martinique is a territorial collectivity of France, therefore, Martinique has no flag with an official status other than the French national flag.

The flag is known as the "Snake Flag", The flag is composed of