Updated: Sep 29
Madagascar, or officially the Republic of Madagascar.
Madagascar is an island located off the southern coast of Africa. Madagascar is bordered by the Indian Ocean and is east of Mozambique.
It shares maritime borders with Comoros, Mauritius, Mozambique, Réunion, Mayotte, and South Africa.
The reason for naming the country
The name Madageiscar was first recorded in the memoirs of 13th-century Venetian explorer Marco Polo as a corrupted transliteration of the name Mogadishu, the Somali port with which Polo had confused the island.
The Madagascar flag was adopted on October 14, 1958.
Madagascar gained independence from France on June 26, 1960.
The flag of Madagascar consists of a horizontal red stripe over a green stripe, with a vertical white stripe.
One theory on the Madagascar flag's meaning says that the flag's colors represent Madagascar's history, their desire to get independent, and traditional classes. The white is said to stand for purity and the red for independence and freedom; the green represents the coastal regions and symbolizes hope.
Malagasy is the most popular language in Madagascar with the majority of the population speaking this language. French is an official language in Madagascar as provided by the Constitution of Madagascar.
85% of the population now practiced Christianity, while just 4.5% of Madagascans practiced folk religions; among Christians, practitioners of Protestantism outnumbered adherents of Roman Catholicism. Islam is also practiced on the island. The vast majority of Muslims are Sunni. Hinduism is also practiced in Madagascar.
Malagasy ariary (MGA).
Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic.