Updated: Sep 18, 2022
Liberia, or officially the Republic of Liberia.
Liberia is a country on the West African coast. It is bordered by Sierra Leone to its northwest, Guinea to its north, Côte d’Ivoire to its east, and the Atlantic Ocean to its south-southwest.
The reason for naming the country
In 1822, the American Colonization Society purchased land in Africa to ship back the enslaved people from America to their home, First ship carried 86 settlers and moved them to West Africa. They became independent in 1847, and the name was given Liberia, derived from Liberty. In the honor of James Monroe, the fifth president of the United States, the capital city of Liberia was named Monrovia.
The Liberian flag was adopted on July 26, 1847, after gaining independence. The country was originally recognized as a colony of the USA. For this reason, the Liberian flag is very similar to the flag of the United States of America, the flag of Liberia consists of six red and five white horizontal stripes. In the top left-hand corner of the flag, there is a blue square that has a white five-pointed star in the center of it. The 11 stripes symbolize the 11 signatories of the Liberian declaration of independence. The red and white colors symbolize courage and moral excellence. The white star represents the freedom the ex-slaves were given, and the blue square represents the African mainland.
* Flag Facts:
English is the official language and serves as the lingua franca of Liberia.
Thirty-one indigenous languages are spoken in Liberia, but each is the first language for only a small percentage of the population.
Liberians also speak a variety of creolized dialects known as Liberian English.
The majority of the population of Liberia practices Christianity. Islam is the next most popular religion after Christianity.
Only 0.5% of the population practice traditional indigenous religions while a small percentage of 1.4% do not adhere to any religious faith.
Other religious groups in Liberia include the Bahá'ís, Buddhists, Sikhs, and Hindus.
Liberian dollar (LRD).
Unitary presidential constitutional republic.
In Liberia, the climate is tropical, hot, and humid all year round, with a rainy season from May to October due to the African monsoon. In winter, from December to February, the temperature is high, around 30/32 °C (86/90 °F) during the day, and the humidity remains high, especially along the coast and in the forests of the interior.
In March and April, temperatures slightly rise, and showers become more frequent. Sometimes, it can get very hot, so much so that the temperature can exceed 40 °C (104 °F). From June to October, cloudiness is frequent, and the daytime temperatures drop below 30 °C (86 °F). Between mid-July and August, the rainy front moves northward, so there is a decrease in rainfall, more evident in the south. The last month with rainy weather in November, when the rains already decrease sharply compared with the previous months. The temperature increases a little because of the higher amount of sunshine hours, reaching again 30 °C (86 °F) during the day.
The best time to visit Liberia is winter, especially in January and February, since they are the sunniest and least rainy months. The worst period is from May to October, although, between mid-July and late August, rainfall decreases significantly in the south.
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