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Updated: Sep 29, 2022

Home> Countries> Asia> Kyrgyzstan

Country Name

Kyrgyzstan, officially the Kyrgyz Republic, and also known as Kirghizia.


Kyrgyzstan is a country in Central Asia.

It is a landlocked country with mountainous terrain. It is bordered by Kazakhstan to the north, Uzbekistan to the west and southwest, Tajikistan to the southwest, and China to the east.



Reason for Naming

"Kyrgyz" is believed to have been derived from the Turkish word "forty", about the forty groups of Manas, a legendary hero who united forty regional clans against the Uyghurs.

Literally, Kyrgyz means We are forty. At the time, in the early 9th century AD, the Uyghurs dominated much of Central Asia (including Kyrgyzstan), Mongolia, and parts of Russia and China.

"-stan" is a word in the Persian language meaning "place of" or "country".


The current flag was adopted on March 3, 1992.

The flag of Kyrgyzstan is composed of a red background and a yellow symbol resembling the sun.