Updated: Sep 30, 2022
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Country Name Italy or The Italian Republic.
Italy is located in the heart of the Mediterranean Sea.
Italy shares open land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia,
San Marino, and Vatican City. It is also bordered to the north by the Alps.
San Marino and Vatican City are two independent states inside the Italian
Reason for Naming the country
The name "Italy" comes from the Greek word "italus", which means "land of calves", as the bull was a symbol of the southern Italic tribes and was often depicted goring the Roman wolf as a defiant symbol of free Italy during the Social War.
The name Italia originally applied only to a part of what is now Southern Italy, (modern Calabria).
The Greeks gradually came to apply the name "Italia" to a larger region, but it was during the reign of Emperor Augustus (end of the 1st century BC) that the term was expanded to cover the entire peninsula until the Alps.