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Updated: Oct 1, 2022

Home> Countries> Asia> India

Country Name

India or Republic of India.


Located in South Asia. Surrounded by the Indian Ocean in the south,

the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west, China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the northeast; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east.

In the Indian Ocean, India is in the neighborhood of Sri Lanka and the Maldives, while its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.


New Delhi.

Reason Of Naming

The name India is derived from Indus, which originates from the Old Persian word Hindush, equivalent to the Sanskrit word Sindhu, which was the historic local appellation for the Indus River.

The ancient Greeks referred to the Indians as Indoi, which means "The people of the Indus".

The geographical term Bharat, which is recognized by the Constitution of India as an official name for the country, is used in many Indian languages in its variations.

Hindustan is a Middle Persian name for India. It was introduced into India by the Mughals and widely used since then.