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Hong Kong

Updated: Oct 1, 2022

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Country Name

Hong Kong, or officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR).


Hong Kong is located in eastern Asia.

It borders the South China Sea to the south, west, and east, and shares a land border with mainland China to the north.

Reason Of Naming

The name translates as "fragrant harbor" or "incense harbor". "Fragrant" may refer to the sweet taste of the harbor's freshwater influx from the Pearl River or to the odor from incense factories lining the coast of northern Kowloon. The incense was stored near Aberdeen Harbour for export before Victoria Harbour developed. Sir John Davis (the second colonial governor) offered an alternative origin; Davis said that the name derived from "Hoong-keang" ("red torrent"), reflecting the color of soil over which a waterfall on the island flowed.


The Hong Kong flag was adopted on 1 July 1997.

The flag is composed of a red background with a white stylized five-petal

Hong Kong orchid tree (Bauhinia blakeana) flower in the center of the flag.

The red color is a festive color for the Chinese people, used to carry a sense of celebration and nationalism, it also signifies the link re-established between post-colonial Hong Kong and Mainland China.

The red flag represents the motherland and the bauhinia represents Hong Kong.

The position of red and white on the flag symbolizes the "one country two systems" political principle applied to the region.