Updated: Oct 1, 2022
It is located between the Arctic and Atlantic oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago
Reason for Naming the country
The most commonly accepted theory is that the Norwegian Viking “Erik the Red” was the first to settle on Greenland after he was exiled from Iceland for murder and set out on his journey to a relatively unexplored land in the northeast. When he arrived, he called the new land “Greenland” in order to attract new settlers.
However, during the summer months, especially around that time in Southern Greenland, Greenland actually was (and is) green.
The name of the country in the indigenous Greenlandic language is Kalaallit Nunaat ("land of the Kalaallit"). The Kalaallit are the indigenous Greenlandic Inuit people who inhabit the country's western region.
The Greenland flag was adopted on June 21, 1985. The flag of Greenland consists of two equal-sized horizontal stripes - the top stripe is white and the bottom is red. On the left side of Greenland, the flag is a circle divided in half the top half is red and the bottom is white. Each half is divided
along the horizontal center of the flag.
The Christiansen, the flag's designer, said "the large white part in the flag represents the ice cap and the red part in the circle represents our fjords.
The white part of the circle symbolizes the icebergs and the pack ice, and the large red part in the flag represents the ocean.
Both Greenlandic -an Eskimo–Aleut language- and Danish have been used in public affairs since the establishment of home rule in 1979; the majority of the population can speak both languages.
Greenlandic became the sole official language in June 2009, and Danish is still widely used in the administration and in higher education.
The major religion in Greenland is Protestant Christianity, represented mainly by the Church of Denmark, which is Lutheran in orientation. The Roman Catholic minority is pastorally served by the Roman Catholic Diocese of Copenhagen.
Danish krone (DKK).
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Devolved government within a parliamentary constitutional monarchy