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Updated: Oct 1, 2022

Home> Countries> North America> Greenland

Country Name



It is located between the Arctic and Atlantic oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago



Reason for Naming the country

The most commonly accepted theory is that the Norwegian Viking “Erik the Red” was the first to settle on Greenland after he was exiled from Iceland for murder and set out on his journey to a relatively unexplored land in the northeast. When he arrived, he called the new land “Greenland” in order to attract new settlers.

However, during the summer months, especially around that time in Southern Greenland, Greenland actually was (and is) green.

The name of the country in the indigenous Greenlandic language is Kalaallit Nunaat ("land of the Kalaallit"). The Kalaallit are the indigenous Greenlandic Inuit people who inhabit the country's western region.


The Greenland flag was adopted on June 21, 1985. The flag of Greenland consists of two equal-sized horizontal stripes - the top stripe is white and the bottom is red. On the left side of Greenland, the flag is a circle divided in half the top half is red and the bottom is white. Each half is divided

along the horizontal center of the flag.

The Christiansen, the flag's designer, said "the large white part in the flag represents the ice cap and the red part in the circle represents our fjords.

The white part of the circle symbolizes the icebergs and the pack ice, and the large red part in the flag represents the ocean.


Both Greenlandic -an Eskimo–Aleut language- and Danish have been used in public affairs since the establishment of home rule in 1979; the majority of the population can speak both languages.

Greenlandic became the sole official language in June 2009, and Danish is still widely used in the administration and in higher education.


The major religion in Greenland is Protestant Christianity, represented mainly by the Church of Denmark, which is Lutheran in orientation. The Roman Catholic minority is pastorally served by the Roman Catholic Diocese of Copenhagen.


Danish krone (DKK).

Time Zone

±00:00 GMT to

-04:00 GMT.

Government Regime

Devolved government within a parliamentary constitutional monarchy


In Greenland, a former Danish territory, the climate is arctic along the north-central coasts, where the temperatures of the warmest months are around freezing (0 °C or 32 °F) and subarctic on the south-central coasts, where the average temperatures in the summer months are above freezing, but still below 10 °C (50 °F).

It goes without saying that the largest settlements are located in this area which has a relatively milder climate. Finally, there is the vast inland area, where the temperature remains around or below freezing even in the summer months. In the center and north, the coldest month is typically February, and sometimes even March; March is usually as cold as January or even colder. In April, in the center and north, temperatures are still very low, that is, many degrees below freezing.

The best time to visit Greenland is in the summer, from June to August. In June, temperatures are a bit lower, and this could be a disadvantage for the coldest areas, but in return, it's possible to see the midnight sun in a wider area; moreover, rain and snow are a bit rarer. July is the warmest month, but rainfall starts to become a bit more frequent, at least on the southwest coast, and even more so in August. In the regions having an arctic climate, and in particular, along the northern coast, where what matters most is the temperature, you may prefer July and August, and especially July because it's the least cold.

International Phone Code


Internet Code


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أشهر الأكلات في جرينلاند

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