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Greece

Updated: Oct 1, 2022

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Country Name

Greece, or officially the Hellenic Republic, is also known as Hellas.

Location

Greece is a country located in Southeast Europe. Situated on the southern tip of the Balkans, Greece is located at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and Africa.

It shares land borders with Albania to the northwest, North Macedonia, Bulgaria to the north, and Turkey to the northeast.

The Aegean Sea lies to the east of the mainland, the Ionian Sea to the west, and the Cretan Sea and the Mediterranean Sea to the south.



Capital

Athens.


Reason for Naming

The native name of the country in Modern Greek is Ελλάδα (Elláda).

The corresponding form in Ancient Greek and conservative formal Modern Greek is Hellas.

The Greek adjectival form ελληνικός (Ellinikos) is sometimes also translated as Hellenic and is often rendered in this way in the formal names of Greek institutions, as in the official name of the Greek state, the Hellenic Republic.

The English names Greece and Greek are derived, via the Latin Graecia and Graecus, from the name of the Graeci, who were among the first ancient Greek tribes to settle Magna Graecia in southern Italy.

The term is ultimately derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *ǵerh₂-, "to grow old".



Flag

The first use of the flag in Greece was in 1822. The current flag was adopted on 22 December 1978. The flag consists of 9 horizontal stripes that 5 blue stripes and 4 white stripes alternating between blue and white, and there is a white cross on a blue square on the top left.

These 9 stripes represent the nine syllables in the Greek phrase that

translates to mean “Freedom or Death", it also represents a letter in the

The Greek word for “freedom.” The blue color represents Greece's sky and the Mediterranean sea. The white color represents purity and white wave crests.

*Flag Facts:

- The flag of Greece is similar to the Flag of Uruguay in its design, but the canton is different in Uruguay it is a yellow Sun and in Greece's flag, it is a white cross.



Language

Greek, the official and primary language of Greece is spoken by the majority of the country's population. Greek is one of the oldest Indo-European languages in the world having survived more than 34 centuries, and it is the official language alongside Turkish in Cyprus. Minority Languages Of Greece; Albanian, Turkish, Macedonian Slavic dialect, Eastern Romance Language called Aromania or Vlachs, Romanian.

English is the dominant foreign language spoken in the business world of Greece and is also taught in schools as a foreign language from the third grade in Greek schools.

Other foreign languages are German, French, and Italian.