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Updated: Sep 15, 2022

Home> Countries> Europe> Georgia

Country Name



Georgia is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bordered by the black sea to the west, Russia to the north, Turkey & Armenia to the south, and Azerbaijan to the southeast.



Reason for Naming

Georgians have a different name for their country, the locals call it Sakartvelo and call themselves Kartveli, which most probably derives from a central region in Georgia – Kartli. The ancient Greeks and Romans called the early eastern Georgians Iberians and the early inhabitants of the western section Colchians. The name Georgia and Georgians appeared in Western Europe at the beginning of the Middle Ages. The French historian Jacques de Vitry and the English traveler Sir John Mandeville mentioned that the reason for naming the Georgians after Saint George.


The flag of Georgia was first adopted in 1004. The current flag was adopted on 14 January 2004. The flag consists of a white background with a large red St. George cross that reaches the edges of the flag and four smaller red crosses placed in the middle of each of the resulting fields. The crosses & each rectangle represent Christian symbols, Jesus Christ the Savior, and the four evangelists.