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French Polynesia

Updated: Oct 1, 2022

Home> Countries> Oceania> French Polynesia 

Country Name

French Polynesia.


French Polynesia is located in Oceania. It is a group of six archipelagos in the South Pacific Ocean, about halfway between South America and Australia.

French Polynesia is an overseas collectivity of the French Republic and its sole overseas country.

It is divided into five groups of islands: the Society Islands archipelago, composed of the Windward Islands and the Leeward Islands; the Tuamotu Archipelago; the Gambier Islands; the Marquesas Islands; and the Austral Islands. Among its 118 islands and atolls, 67 are inhabited. Tahiti, which is located within the Society Islands, is the most populous island.




The flag of French Polynesia was adopted on November 23, 1984. The flag is composed of three horizontal stripes. Two red stripes, one at the top and another at the bottom, border a white strip centered in the flag.

A disc containing the coat of arms of French Polynesia is located in the center of the flag. The coat of arms represents the scene of a Polynesian boat sailing under a bright yellow sun. The red boat occupies the upper center and the lower half is a pattern of blue and white waves. The top half of the disc features 10 golden rays arising from the center. The boat is represented by a crew of five.

The Polynesian sailing boat represents the people, culture, and history of Tahiti and her islands, which is the name used by locals when referring to French Polynesia.

Each crew member depicted inside the canoe represents one of the territory’s island groups. Red and white are the traditional colors of Polynesia. The golden rays represent life while the five rows of waves stand for the territory’s seafaring heritage.

The symbols of the flag and coat of arms reflect the courage, solidarity, and self-sacrifice of the people of French Polynesia.


French is the only official language of French Polynesia.

A law adopted in April 1996 declares French the official language, but Tahitian and several other Polynesian languages can be used.


Christianity is the m