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French Guiana

Updated: Oct 1, 2022

Home> Countries> South America> French Guiana

Country Name

French Guiana.


French Guiana is on the northern coast of South America. It is bordered by Brazil to the east and south, and Suriname to the west. French Guiana is the only territory in the Americas to have full integration with a European country.



Reason for Naming the country

Christopher Columbus sighted the Guiana coast in 1498 during his third trip to the New World. The French first settled the land one hundred years later, calling it Guiana, the French form of an American Indian word that means "land of waters."


The French national flag - the Tricolore - consists of three vertical bands of equal width, displaying the country's national colors: blue, white, and red.