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Famous places in Istanbul (Part 1)

Updated: Oct 22, 2021

22 Place in Istanbul you should visit

Istanbul is a famous city in Turkey and is said to be a bridge between Europe and Asia,

If you are planning your trip to Istanbul, or if you are curious how it looks like there, Just scroll down to see these Most Beautiful Places in Istanbul.


Aya Sophia (Hagia Sophia)

It is known as one of the most valuable and fascinating structures in the world of art and architecture. It is located in the Sultan Ahmet area, nearby Topkapi Palace in Istanbul Turkey.

The Byzantine Emperor Justinian has finished his church for the first time in AD 536.

After the Ottoman armies conquered Constantinople it was converted to a mosque in 1453 by Sultan Mehmed II the Conqueror, then its further conversion into a museum in 1934.

UNESCO listed Aya Sophia as a World Heritage Site.

Opening Hours Summer Visiting Hours: 09:00 - 19:00

Winter Visiting Hours: 09:00- 17:00.

Closed on Mondays.

Entrance Fee: 30.00 Turkish Lira

Aya sophia

Blue Mosque - Sultan Ahmet Cami

The Blue Mosque is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Istanbul.

It was built by Sedefkar Mehmet Agha between 1609 and 1616 and like many other mosques, it contains the tomb of the founder.

It is called "Blue" because of its interior blue decoration tiles "İznik tiles" which were used more than 20.000 pieces. It is the only mosque in Turkey with six minarets.

Blue Mosque includes madrasa (School), Sultan Resting Mansion, Turkish bath, fountain, hospital.

There are tombs in the mosque for Sultan Ahmet, his wife Kosem, and their sons Murat and Osman.

Opening Hours: Open Every Day, Avoid visiting a Mosque at pray times

Entrance Fee: Free of Charge

Sultan Ahmet- Blue mosque

Topkapi Palace (Topkapı Sarayı)

Topkapı is a large museum in Istanbul, Turkey.

It is surrounded by the Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorus, and the Golden Horn.

It was the residence of the Ottoman Sultans and their wives and children from the 15th century to the mid-19th century.

The palace complex consists of four main courtyards and many smaller buildings.

The first courtyard is the only part open to the citizens. It is entered through the called Imperial Gate.

The second courtyard is the main entrance of the palace, known as the Gate of Salutation. The second yard was well known as an administrative center of the state and the government,

The third courtyard was the private place of the sultan and it was entered only by special permission. It consists of "harem" and salutation, the Sultan spent time with his family there,

The fourth yard is composed of a terrace popularly known as Sofa-I Humayun and Tulip Garden.

To fully see Topkapı Palace you'll need at least half a day.

Topkapı Palace is part of the Historic Areas of Istanbul, a group of sites in Istanbul that was added to the UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985.

Opening hours: Summer Between 09:00 - 18:45 Hours

Winter Between 09:00 - 16:45 Hours.

Entrance Fee: 30.00 Turkish Lira / Additional Harem is 15.00 Turkish Lira Closed Days: Every Tuesday

topkapi sarayi

Gülhane Park

The park is situated near the Topkapi Palace.

It is one of the oldest and the most expansive public parks in Istanbul

Gülhane Park was once part of the outer garden of Topkapı Palace,

Gülhane means "Flower House".

Opening hour: 6 AM–10:30 PM

Gülhane Park

Dolmabahçe Palace

Dolmabahçe Palace is a magnificent palace, the main center of the Ottoman Empire in the 19th and 20th centuries. It is situated at the shores of the Bosporus Strait, only about 500 meters from Taksim Square.

Built by famous architect Armenian Garbert Amira Balya by Sultan Abdülmecid I request between (1848-1856), because he preferred a more modern place, so it replaced Topkapı Palace.

It was the imperial place of all following Ottoman Sultans, with the exception of Abdülhamid II (1876-1909) who preferred not to stay in it. Opening Hours: Summer / Winter 09:00 - 16:00.

Closed Days: Every Monday & Thursday.

Entrance Fee: 30.00 Turkish Lira

Dolmabahçe palace

İstiklal street and Taksim square

İstiklal Caddesi (Independence Street) is the most famous street and entertainment area in Istanbul.

It is a long colorful pedestrian street full of all kinds of shops, restaurants, cafes, street shows and it is located by Taksim Square.

The most important monument in Taksim Square is the Independence Monument, standing at the beginning of Istiklal street.

There is an old-fashioned tramway that runs along its length right up to Taksim Square at the top of the hill.

The area around İstiklal Caddesi is home to many churches and old consulate buildings.

taksim square

Galata Tower (Galata Kulesi)

Galata Tower is an old tower built in the 14th century.

It is one of the popular tourist attractions with restaurants and café on its upper floors which command a Panoramic view of Istanbul and the Bosphorus, this nine-story tower is 66.90 meters tall and was the tallest building when it was built in 1348 during an expansion of the Genoese colony in Constantinople

Opening Hours: Daily from 09:00 - 20:30.

Entrance Fee: 18.50 Turkish Lira.

Galata tower


Istanbul's Asian shore is easily reached by ferry from Eminönü dock across the Bosphorus. On an islet just off the Asiatic shore stands the 30-meter-high Kiz Kulesi, (Maiden's Tower).

Üsküdar was traditionally known as Scutari and has some beautiful old mosques, winding lanes, and weathered brown timber houses (particularly between the ferry dock and the large cemetery).


Maiden's Tower (Kız Kulesi)

It is also known as Leander's Tower.

The Maiden's Tower is the most popular landmark and monument of the city of Istanbul. Built on a small rocky island in the middle of the sea near Üsküdar, where the Marmara Sea meets the Bosphorus, it has been used for a variety of purposes since its first construction. It is Mentioned that this tower have witnessed the all history of Istanbul.

Opening Hours : Daily from 09:15 - 18:30.

Entrance Fee: 20.00 Turkish Lira (This is the price of the ring boat service).

Ortaköy Mosque

Located in Beşiktaş, Istanbul, It is situated at the waterside of the Ortaköy pier square, one of the most popular locations on the Bosphorus.

The mosque was built by Mahmut Ağa, the son-in-law of Ibrahim Pasha by Sultan Abdulmecid I order to build it, It was built in Neo-Baroque style in the 18th century 1853.

Ortaköy is one of the most beautiful places in Istanbul and is full of shops, boutiques, restaurants, and pubs or art galleries.

Opening Hours: From 9 am to 6 pm, but closed to visitors during prayer times.

Entry Fees: Free

Süleymaniye Mosque

Süleymaniye Mosque is one of the most recognized landmarks of Istanbul and the second largest mosque in the city.

It was built for "Süleyman the Magnificent" by the famed Ottoman architect Mimar Sinan between 1550 and 1557. The four minarets with their 10 beautiful şerefes (balconies) are said to represent the fact that Süleyman was the fourth of the Osmanlı sultans to rule the city and the 10th sultan after the establishment of the empire.

The interior, dominated by its 53-meter-high dome is notable for its harmonious proportions and unity of design.

Outside there is a garden behind the mosque offering lovely views of the Golden Horn and Bosphorus.

Also, this mosque was built as a complex including a hospital, library, madrasa (school), kitchen and hospice for the poor, hamam, and shops.

It's one of the best examples of Ottoman Islamic architecture in Istanbul.

Open daily except prayer times.

Entrance Fee : Free.

Süleymaniye mosque

Grand Bazar (Kapalı Çarşı)

This massive covered market is basically the world's first shopping mall is located in Beyazit.

The entrance to the bazaar is through one of 11 gates, lined by shops and stalls selling every Turkish souvenir and handicraft you could imagine.

You can find anything here from boots and slippers to gold and silver jewellery.

Opening Hours: Daily except Sunday from 08:30 - 19:00.

Entrance Fee: Free