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Equatorial Guinea

Updated: Oct 1, 2022

Home> Countries> Africa> Equatorial Guinea

Country Name

Equatorial Guinea, or officially the Republic of Equatorial Guinea.


Equatorial Guinea is a country located on the west coast of Central Africa. It is bordering the Atlantic Ocean between Cameroon and Gabon, it shares maritime borders with Nigeria and Sao Tome and Principe. Equatorial Guinea is composed of five inhabited islands plus its part on the African mainland: Río Muni.



The reason for naming the country

Formerly the colony of Spanish Guinea, its post-independence name evokes its location near both the Equator and the Gulf of Guinea.


The current flag of Equatorial Guinea was adopted on August 21, 1979. Equatorial Guinea achieved independence from Spain on October 12, 1968, and adopted a national flag on the same day. The flag of Equatorial Guinea consists of three equal horizontal stripes, the top stripe is green, the middle one is white, and the bottom stripe is red. On the left side of the flag, there is a light blue triangle. In the center of the white stripe is Equatorial Guinea's coat of arms. The green color represents the country's agricultural wealth, the white represents peace, and the red stands for Equatorial Guinea's struggle for independence, The blue triangle represents the sea. The stars represent the mainland and the islands of Equatorial Guinea.