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El Salvador

Updated: Oct 1, 2022

Home> Countries> North America> El Salvador

Country Name

El Salvador, or officially the Republic of El Salvador.


It is bordered on the northeast by Honduras, on the northwest by Guatemala, and on the south by the Pacific Ocean.


San Salvador.

Reason for Naming the country

Conquistador Pedro de Alvarado named the new province for Jesus Christ – El Salvador (lit. 'The Saviour'). The full name was Provincia De Nuestro Señor Jesus Cristo, El Salvador Del Mundo (lit. 'Province of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Saviour of the World'), which was subsequently abbreviated to El Salvador.


The El Salvador flag was adopted on September 27, 1972. The flag of El Salvador consists of three equal horizontal stripes - the top and bottom stripes are blue, and the middle stripe is white. In the middle of El Salvador's flag is the country's coat of arms. The blue represents the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea; the white represents peace. The state coat of arms on El Salvador's flag is based on the coat of arms of the former United Provinces of Central America. The coat of arms shows a triangle that represents equality and the three branches of El Salvador's government. El Salvador, which in Spanish means 'the savior', gained its independence from Spain on September 15, 1821, and independence from the Central American federation in 1842. ​ *Flag Facts:

- The flags of El Salvador, Argentina, Nicaragua, and the flag of Honduras are almost identical to one another, these flags comprise three horizontal stripes of blue and white in the middle but differ from each other because of the symbol featured in the center of the flags.


Spanish is the official language and is spoken by all inhabitants. Some indigenous people speak their native tongues such as Nawat and Maya.


The majority of the population in El Salvador is Christian. Roman Catholics and Protestants are the two major religious groups in the country, with the Catholic Church being the largest denomination. There are minority believers of Jehovah's Witnesses, Hare Krishnas, Muslims, Jews, Buddhists, Latter-day Saints, and those adhering to indigenous religious beliefs.


United States dollar (USD).

Time Zone

-06:00 GMT.

Government Regime

A unitary presidential constitutional republic El Salvador has a democratic and representative government.


El Salvador has a tropical climate, hot all year round. There is a rainy season from late April to October which is also definitely wet. From December to March, El Salvador is sometimes affected by the Norte, a cool wind from the United States, which, in the plains, can bring at most a bit of cool weather in the evening and at night, while in San Salvador, it can bring a bit of cold at night, with lows around 10 °C (50 °F).

International Phone Code


Internet Code


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Quick Brief About El Salvador

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Customs, Traditions & Etiquette in El Salvador

أشهر الأكلات في السلفادور

معلومات شيقة عن السلفادور

نبذة عن السلفادور

أشهر الأماكن السياحية في السلفادور

عادات و ثقافة السلفادور

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