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Updated: Sep 19, 2022

Home> Countries> Africa> Egypt

Country Name Egypt, or the Arab Republic of Egypt.


Egypt is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and the southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.

Egypt is a Mediterranean country bordered by the Gaza Strip (Palestine)

and Israel to the northeast, the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea to the east,

Sudan to the south, and Libya to the west.

Across the Gulf of Aqaba lies Jordan, across the Red Sea lies Saudi Arabia,

and across the Mediterranean lie Greece, Turkey, and Cyprus, although none share a land border with Egypt.



Reason for Naming the country

Egypt has been known over time by various names: It was known in the pharaohs' era as "Kimi" and means "The Black Land", likely referring to the fertile black soils of the Nile floodplains This name is commonly vocalized as Kemet. It was also known as "Tawi" or the Two Lands, which indicates Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt (Delta).

Later, it was named "Hat Ka Ptah", which is originally the name of one of the most famous temples of the god Ptah in Memphis.

Also, it was mentioned in the Old Testament as "Masraim" (Mitzráyim) as pronounced in Hebrew related to "Masriam son of Ham son of Noah". This name means "the extended land or the land that is protected".

Then, it was also mentioned in the Holy Quran by "Misr".

The English name Egypt is derived from the Ancient Greek Aígyptos.

It is pronounced Masr by the local dialect of Egyptians.


The Egyptian flag was adopted on October 4, 1984.

The flag is composed of three horizontal equal stripes of red, white, and black, and the Egyptian eagle of Salah el din in the center of the white band, written on its base the "Arab Republic of Egypt" in Kufic script.

The red color represents the people’s struggle against the British

control of their country.

The white color represents the peaceful and bloodless nature of the

revolution itself.

The black color represents the end of the oppression of the Egyptian

people from the monarchy.

The eagle of Salah el din represents the strength and power of the country, and the people, or even the strength and power of the Egyptian mind.

Flag Facts:

- The Egyptian flag is similar to various Arab flags of Syria, Sudan, Libya*, Yemen, and Iraq.

*(The flag is identical to the flag of Libya from 1969–1972.)