Updated: Dec 29, 2021
Cyprus or officially the Republic of Cyprus.
Cyprus is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean, Cyprus is bordered to the north by Turkey, to the east by Syria and Lebanon, to the south by Egypt, and to the north-west by Greece. Cyprus is the third largest Mediterranean island after Sardinia and Sicily, and ahead of Crete.
Geographically, Cyprus is closer to Asia but is historically and culturally
a European country.
The Republic of Cyprus occupies two-thirds of the island towards the south, and the Turkish Republic occupies the northern third of the island.
There are also two bases, Akrotiri and Dhekelia, that are under British sovereignty.
This UN-controlled buffer zone separates the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus and the Republic of Cyprus.
Reason for Naming the country
Through overseas trade, the island has given its name to the Classical Latin word for copper "Cyprium, "metal of Cyprus", later shortened to Cuprum.
The standard word relating to Cyprus or its people or culture is Cypriot.
The terms Cypriot and Cyprian are also used, though less frequently.
The state's official name in Greek and Turkish literally translates as "Cypriot Republic" in English, but this translation is not used officially, in favor of "Republic of Cyprus" instead.