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Costa Rica

Updated: Oct 2, 2022

Home> Countries> North America> Costa Rica

Country Name

Costa Rica, or officially the Republic of Costa Rica.


Costa Rica is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, the Caribbean Sea to the northeast, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, and Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island.


San José.

Reason for Naming the country

The name Costa Rica means "rich coast" in the Spanish language. Christopher Columbus* is credited with discovering Costa Rica in 1502 and gave Costa Rica its name, "rich coast” because he believed the land to be filled with precious metals. *who sailed to the eastern shores of Costa Rica during his final voyage, and reported vast quantities of gold jewelry worn by natives.


The Costa Rican flag was adopted on November 27, 1906.

Costa Rica's First Lady, Pacifica Fernandez Oreamuno, designed the flag in 1848.

It was designed after the ideals of the French Revolution -freedom, equality, and brotherhood - and the colors of the French National Flag. The Costa Rican flag consists of five horizontal stripes. The top and bottom strips are blue, the middle stripe is red and the strips above and below the red stripe are white. The red stripe is double the size of the blue and white stripes.

A national coat of arms is placed on the left side of the red stripe, blue represents the sky, intellectual thinking, infinite, eternity, and ideals

of the religious and spiritual desires, White represents clear thinking, happiness, wisdom, power, and beauty of the sky, initiative to search for new endeavors, and peace; Red represents the warmth of the Costa Rican people, their love of life, their bloodshed for freedom, and their generosity.

*Flag Facts:

- The flag of Costa Rica is similar to the flag of Thailand, Both flags consist of five horizontal bands of blue, white, red (double width), white and blue with the coat of arms off-center to the right while the Flag of Taiwan is without the coat of arms.


Spanish is the official language of Costa Rica. Spanish is used in the government administration of the country, by the media of the country as well as in the educational institutions of Costa Rica.

Also, there are Five indigenous languages spoken in Costa Rica.

These indigenous Costa Rica languages are Maléku, Cabécar, Bribri, Guaymí, and Bugler.