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Updated: Oct 2, 2022

Home> Countries> Africa> Congo

Country Name

Republic of the Congo, also known as Congo-Brazzaville, the Congo Republic, or simply either Congo or the Congo.


Congo is a country located on the western coast of Central Africa. It is bordered by five countries: Gabon to its west; Cameroon to its northwest the Central African Republic to its northeast; the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the southeast and the Angolan exclave of Cabinda to its south; and the Atlantic Ocean to its southwest.




The Republic of the Congo flag was originally adopted on August 18, 1958. It was abandoned in 1970 and then readopted on June 10, 1991.

The Republic of the Congo is often called Congo-Brazzaville, to avoid confusion with the Democratic Republic of Congo.

The Republic of the Congo's flag is divided diagonally with three stripes -

the left stripe is green; the middle stripe is yellow, and the right stripe is

red. The green and red stripes are of equal size, but the yellow stripe is


The motto of the Republic of the Congo is 'Unite-Travail-Progress'; which

translates to 'Unity-Labor-Progress'.

The green represents the agriculture and forests of the Congo, the yellow represents the "friendship and nobility" of the Congolese people. However, the symbolism behind the red was left unexplained.


French is the official language of the Congo, while Kituba and Lingala are the country's national languages.

French is used as the medium of instruction in schools and other educational facilities throughout the country. It is also taught as a subject as part of the school curriculum. French is also used as the language of communication by the government, as the government is patterned by the French system.


Most citizens of the Republic of the Congo are Christian, though the majority of them still carry on indigenous religious practices to some degree. Many Christians practice Kimbanguism, which originated in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The movement retains many Christian elements but believes in ancestral worship.

Christianity accounts for almost 50% of the total population with 90% of all Christians being Roman Catholics. Muslims are less than 2% of the country with a majority of them as immigrants.