Updated: Sep 18, 2022
Cape Verde, officially the Republic of Cabo Verde.
The Republic of Cape Verde is a West African island country off the coast of Senegal and Guinea-Bissau in the Atlantic Ocean. Cape Verde shares maritime borders with Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Mauritania, and Senegal.
Reason for naming the country
The country is named after the nearby Cap-Vert peninsula, on the Senegalese coast. In 1444, a few years before they discovered the islands, Portuguese explorers named that landmark Cabo Verde ("green cape"). On 24 October 2013, the country's delegation announced at the United Nations that the official name should no longer be translated into other languages. Instead of "Cape Verde", the name "Republic of Cabo Verde" is to be used.
The Cape Verde flag was adopted on September 22, 1992. Cape Verde declared independence from Portugal on July 5, 1975. The flag of Cape Verde consists of a blue background with a white horizontal stripe, In the middle of the white stripe, there is a horizontal red stripe. Towards the left side of the white stripe is a circle made up of 10 yellow stars. The stars represent the nation's islands, and the circle itself represents the nation's unity, the blue color represents the sea and sky. The stripes symbolize the road to the development of Cape Verde; the white represents peace, and the red color represents effort.
Cape Verde's official language is Portuguese, It is the language of all government communication. It is also used in newspapers, television, and radio. Cape Verdean Creole or Kriolu is a dialect continuum of a Portuguese-based creole.
Around 95% of the population is Christian. 77.3% of Cabo Verdeans adhere to Roman Catholic beliefs. the largest Protestant denomination is the Church of the Nazarene; other groups include the Seventh-day Adventist Church, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, the Assemblies of God, the Universal Church of the Kingdom of God, and other Pentecostal and evangelical groups. There is a small Muslim and Jewish community on several islands.
Cape Verdean escudo (CVE).
Unitary semi-presidential republic.
Cape Verde Archipelago the climate is very unusual, in fact, it is tropical dry, with temperatures generally not too high despite the latitude.
This happens both because of a cool sea current and because of the trade winds, which steadily blow from the northeast, especially from November to May. The islands are divided into two groups: in the north, the Barlavento or Windward Islands (Santo Antão, São Vicente, Santa Luzia, São Nicolau, Ilha do Sal, Boa Vista), which have a more arid climate, and in the south, the Sotavento or Leeward Islands (Maio, Santiago, Fogo, Brava), which are a bit rainier.
The Barlavento Islands to the north are definitely desert, since they receive less than 100 millimeters (4 inches) of rain per year, while the southern islands receive between 200 and 300 mm (8 and 12 in) of rain, so their climate is semi-desert.
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